Category Archives: thought provoking

संविधानसभालाई खुला पत्र: गाँठो फुकाउने संविधानको खाका

 

संविधानसभाका माननिय सभासदज्यूहरु

संविधानको कुरामा तपाईंहरु बीच झण्डै सात वर्ष लामो विवाद चलिसकेको छ तैपनि  संविधानसभा भित्र र बाहिरबाट यसको समाधान निस्किरहेको छैन – यो कुरा सर्वत्र थाहै छ। तपाईंले खोजेको समाधान संविधानसभाभित्र मात्र होइन बाहिर पनि हुन सक्छ होइन र ? तपाईहरु विवेकशील नेतृत्व हुनुहुन्छ त्यसैले समाधान जताबाट अाए पनि यदि त्यसले गाँठो फुकाल्छ भने त तपाईं त्यो मद्दत लिइहाल्नुहुन्छ भन्ने मेरो विश्वास छ। त्यसैले तपाईंहरुबीचको गाँठो फुकाल्न सयौं नेपाली विशषज्ञहरु मिलेर समृद्ध नेपालको लागि  हामीले नेपालको संविधानको प्रस्ताव गरेका छौं। एकचोटि राजनीतिक गतिरोधको समाधान यसमा पनि खोज्ने कि ?

तपाईंहरुको प्रमुख विवाद संघीयतामा, शासकीय स्वरुपमा, निर्वाचन प्रणाली र न्याय प्रणालीमा छ । एकपल्ट हेर्नुहोस् त, यी मुद्दालाई हामीले चाहिं कुन समाधानको बाटो समातेका छौं ?

पहिले संघीयताकै विषय हेरौं न त।

मूल कुरो जस्तोसुकै र जतिवटै संघ बनाए पनि त्यो संघ अाफ्नो खुट्टामा उभिन सक्नु त पर्यो, यसमा त तपाईको दुईमत नरहला, कि कसो? संघहरुले केन्द्रमै भर पर्ने खालको त खोज्नु भएको पक्कै पनि होइन होला ? एउटा विश्वविद्यालय बनाउन वा अस्पताल बनाउन पनि संघहरुले केन्द्रको अगाडि हात जोड्नु पर्यो भने जस्तोसुकै अधिकार र नियम संविधानमा उल्लेख गरे पनि यथार्थमा तुहिन्छ। एकचोटि सोच्नुहोस् त बाटो, पानी तथा हाम्रो बसाइँ सराइँ जहिले पनि उत्तर-दक्षिण नै भैराखेको छ। फेरि विश्वकै ठूला बजारहरु भारत र चीनलाई पनि यस्तै आकारका प्रदेशले छुनेछ। हाम्रा विशषेज्ञहरुले अनुसन्धान गरेर प्रस्ताव गरेका प्रदेशले कम्तीमा राष्ट्रको कुल गार्हस्थ उत्पादनमा २ खरबभन्दा बढीको योगदान गरिरहेका छन् भने यो अाफ्नो खुट्टामा उभिन सक्छ। अनि आउँने दिनहरुमा ती प्रदेश र अन्तर्गतका अञ्चलहरु पनि अत्यन्त सबल बन्ने सुनिश्चित छ जसले गर्दा केन्द्रमा भर पर्नुपर्दैन। त्यसैले मुलुकमा उत्तर र दक्षिण छुने ३ “सक्षम” प्रदेशहरु बनाउँदा कसो होला?

अब रह्यो संघीयतामा हाम्रो पहिचानको कुरो। हामीले हाम्रो देशका गौरवशाली विविध पहिचान बचाउन ती ३ प्रदेशलाई ३-३ वटा अञ्चलमा राखेर कुल ९ अञ्चललाई यस्तो अधिकार दिने प्रस्ताव गरेका छौं जसले स्थानीय पहिचान, भाषा, संस्कृति अादिको संवर्द्धन गर्नेछ। सन २०११ को जनगणना तथ्यांक अनुसार नेपालमा १२५ विभिन्न जात जाति तथा १२३ विभिन्न मातृभाषा छन्। यदि सबै जात जातिलाई अा-अाफ्नो जातीय पहिचान स्थापित गर्ने भनेर प्रदेश खडा गर्ने हो भने त हामीलाई १०० वटा राज्य-प्रदेशले पनि पुग्दैन रहेछ। त्यसैले के यस्तो सम्भव छ? त्यसैको विकल्पमा स्रोत र बहुपहिचानको आधारमा संघीयतामा जाँदा प्रदेश र अञ्चल सबल हुन्छ र त्यसपछि मात्र त्यहाँ भित्रको पहिचान, भाषा, संस्कृतिको संवर्द्धन गर्न सकिन्छ। होइन भने “पैसा न सैसा टिकी ट्यास ट्यास मात्र हुन्छ।” कि कसो?

www.leadnepal.com

अहिले काठमाडौं राजधानी देशका बाँकी भूभागको तुलनामा असाध्यै बलियो छ। त्यसैले हामीले प्रस्ताव गरेका छौं कि काठमाडौं, भक्तपुर र ललितपुर जिल्लालाई छुट्टै संघीय राजधानी क्षेत्र घोषित गरी अरु प्रदेशलाई अाफ्नै राजधानी बनाउन मिल्ने प्रावधान राखे सबै ठाउँका नेपालीहरु पनि काठमाडौंतिर अोइरिनुपर्ने बाध्यता धेरै हदसम्म कम हुने थियो। नेपाल काठमाडौंमा निर्भर हुनुपर्दैन थियो। साथै काठमाडौंबासी पनि आफ्नै किसिमले दीगो रणनीतिका साथ विश्वकै सुन्दर शहर बनाउने सपनामा लाग्न पाउने थिए।

सभासदज्यू, यसरी नै मुलुकमा ९ अञ्चल, ३ प्रदेश र १ संघीय राजधानी बनाए कसो होला?

अब लागौँ शासकीय स्वरुपको विषयमा। सभासद ज्यू, तपाईंलाई भन्दा बढी कसलाई थाहा होला र कि एउटा लोकतान्त्रिक विधिको शासन चलाउन सरकारका ३ प्रमुख अंग कार्यपालिका, व्यवस्थापिका र न्यायपालिका बीच आवश्यक समन्वय र सन्तुलन हुनुपर्छ।

(in Nepali) Nepal government structure in bibeksheel constitution

त्यसैले पहिले देशलाई विकासोन्मुख बनाउने कार्यपालिकाको व्यवस्थापनको विषयमा छिरौं।

नेपालीहरुलाई कस्तो प्रधानमन्त्री चाहिएको छ? बिगतको २० वर्षमा २० चोटी परिवर्तन हुने कि ४ वर्षसम्म ढुक्क भई एउटैले काम गरी देखाउने? सभासदहरुबीच मन्त्री बन्ने होडबाजीको चाप्लुसीप्रथा यथावत् राख्ने कि प्रधानमन्त्रीले ढुक्कसँग सक्षम विशेषज्ञलाई मन्त्री बनाउन पाउने? हामीले प्रस्ताव गरेको संविधानमा जनताले प्रत्यक्ष रुपमा प्रधानमन्त्री चुन्नेछन् र प्रधानमन्त्रीले नै तोकेको मन्त्रीपरिषद हुनेछ जसले देशलाई द्रूत विकासतिर लम्काउन सकून्। प्रदेशमा मुख्यमन्त्रीको चयनको पनि यही प्रकिया हुनेछ। अवश्य पनि यस्तो विकल्पमा तपाईं सहमत हुनुहुन्छ होला।

अब छिरौं स्थानीय र देशको नीति नियम बलियो बनाई राख्ने व्यवस्थापिकाको व्यवस्थापनको विषयमा।हामीलाई कस्तो नियम कानुन बनाउने सभासद्हरु चाहियो त? अवश्य पनि यस्ता सभासद जो विविध स्थानबाट स्थानीयहरुको बहुमतबाटै चुनिएका र दलका ठूला भनौदाका पछि नदौडिने खालका जसले अाफ्नै ठाउँ र देशको हितलाई सन्तुलन गरी दुवैको रक्षा गरुन्। यसै मर्मलाई संस्थागत गर्न हामीले केन्द्रमा व्यवस्थापिका दुई सभाको खाका प्रस्ताव गरेका छौं।

व्यवस्थापिका नेपालको Legislature of Nepal (8)

(माथिल्लो) राज्य सभामा हरेक अञ्चलबाट बहुमतको अाधारमा ३ सभासदहरु (हरेक) सीधै निर्वाचित हुने व्यवस्था मिलाएका छौं। यसले अञ्चलको हितमा काम गरिरहन र केन्द्रलाई नियन्त्रण र सन्तुलन गर्न मद्दत पुग्नेछ जसले गर्दा स्थानीय पहिचान र अधिकारको पनि रक्षा सदैव भैरहनेछ।

(तल्लो) प्रतिनिधि सभामा मिश्रित प्रणालीबाट निर्वाचित सभासद्हरु आउनेछन्। प्रत्यक्षबाट देशको जनसंख्यालाई १०० भागमा बाँडेर बनेको निर्वाचन क्षेत्रहरुबाट १०० सभासद बन्नेछन्। अनि त्यसको अाधा (५० जना) चाहिं समानुपातिक तरीकाले दलहरुले पठाएका बन्द सूचीबाट चुनिएर आउनेछन् ताकि दलहरुले देश बनाउन छुटाउनै नहुने व्यक्तित्वहरुलाई पनि नेपालको सर्वोच्च कानुन बनाउने निकायमा योगदान दिन पठाउन सकुन्।

प्रदेशहरुमा चाहिं एउटै प्रदेश परिषद हुनेछ जुन प्रतिनिधि सभाकै चयन पद्धति अनुरुप बन्नेछ। यस्तो मिश्रित प्रणालीबाट देश, प्रदेश, अञ्चलसम्म राम्रो नियम कानुन बनाउने र अनुगमन गर्ने प्रणाली बन्नेछ । अञ्चलमा अञ्चलबाट प्रदेश परिषदमा जाने सबै सभासदहरुले अाफ्नो अञ्चलको पनि मौलिक नियम कानुन बनाउन सक्नेछन्। यसले नेपालीहरुले खोजेको शक्ति पृथकीकरण र विकेन्द्रीकरणलाई सार्थक बनाउनेछ।

 

अब लागौं स्वतन्त्र न्यायपालिकाको व्यवस्थापनको विषयमा। संविधानको अन्तिम व्याख्या सर्वोच्च अदालतले गर्नेछ जसलाई स्वतन्त्र र चुस्त दुई तरीकाबाट बनाइनेछ। पहिलो तरिका, सर्वोच्च अदालतका हरेक न्यायाधीशको पदावधि १० वर्ष तोकेर। यसो गर्दा उनीहरुलाई निष्पक्ष तथा स्वतन्त्र तरीकाले काम गर्न सजिलो हुनेछ। अनि न्यायलयमा हुने भ्रष्टाचार, ढिलासुस्ती रोक्न ‘जुरी’ प्रणाली अपनाउने व्यवस्था छ। ‘जुरी’ प्रणाली अर्थात धेरै जसो मुद्दा न्यायाधीशको प्रत्यक्ष निगरानीमा जनताको मुद्दा जनताले नै निधो गर्नेछन्। यसले नागरिकलाई अाफ्नो देशको कानुन र न्याय प्रणालीलाई नजिकबाट सिक्ने मौका पनि दिनेछ, जसले गर्दा देशको नियम कानुनमा अाम नेपालीले पनि स्वामित्व ग्रहण गर्नेछन्।

तर कहिलेकाहीं नेपाल सरकारका यी  तीन अंगहरु वीचमै बेस्मारी गाँठो पर्न जान्छ। यो यथार्थलाई नकार्न मिल्दैन – लोकतन्त्रमा यस्तो हुन्छ बेला-बेलामा। नेपालको अहिले र अर्को एक जीवनकालसम्मको परिस्थितिलाई मध्यनजर गरी एउटा गाँठो फुकाउने निकाय पनि चाहिन्छ भन्ने कुरामा दुई-मत नरहला सभासदज्यू। त्यसैको लागि नै हामीले अालंकारिक राष्ट्राध्यक्षको परिकल्पना गर्यौं। उनी संविधानका संरक्षक हुनेछन् जसले आवश्यक परेको बेला गाँठो फुकाउने कार्य पनि गर्नेछन्।

यस्तो शासकीय स्वरुपले हाम्रो विविधतालाई एक बनाई राख्ने न्यायोचित, नैतिक प्रणाली बनाउनेछ।

सभासदज्यू, अब रह्यो निर्वाचन प्रणालीको मु्द्दा। हामीलाई धेरै नियम होइन, बनेकै नियमको सही पालना, त्यो पनि समयमै चाहिएको छ कि कसो? संविधानमै निर्वाचन नियमित हुनैपर्ने प्रष्ट प्रावधान राखिदिएपछि निर्वाचन अायोगले निश्चित समयमै स्थानीयदेखि केन्द्रसम्मको निर्वाचन गर्नेछ। यसो गरे तपाईं सभासद्हरु पनि ढुक्क भएर निर्वाचनमा जानु हुनेछ र जितेपछि ढुक्कसँग नीति निर्माण गर्न सक्नुहुन्छ। अनि कुनै पनि सभासदले स्थानीय निकायको काम भए नभएको हेरे मात्र पुग्छ, अाफैले त्यसको ठेक्का लिई राख्नु पर्ने बाध्यता रहँदैन। निर्वाचनमा पैसाको प्रभाव न्यून पार्न र धाँधली रहित राख्न पारदर्शिता र अनुशासन लागु गर्न निर्वाचन अायोगलाई शक्तिशाली अधिकार दिए कसो होला?

तपाईंहरुमा खुल्दुली होला हामीले प्रस्ताव गरेको संविधानले समावेशितालाई कसरी हेरेको छ?

पहुँचवालालाई होइन, साँच्चिकै पिछडिएका विपन्नलाई समावेश गरिएको छ यो संविधानमा। जातमा होइन, आर्थिक वर्गमा आधारित समावेशिता हुनेछ। एक पल्ट सोच्नुहोस् त – तपाईंले बनाउन लागेको नेपालको संविधानको मूल मर्म पनि सयभन्दा बढी जातिहरु हर एक भित्र पिछडिएका विपन्न वर्गलाई बाँकि जत्तिकै सक्षम अनि समृद्ध बनाउनु होइन र?

तपाईंलाई लाग्ला के हेर्ने यस्तो संविधान दुई-तीन जनाले कोठा भित्र बनाएको तर होइन, यसमा तपाईंहरु जस्तै सयौं देशभक्त नेपालीको अथक मिहिनेत परेको छ। एक सुका पनि पारिश्रमिक नलिई देशभरिका आमनागरिकको भावना बुझी सयौं देशभक्त नेपाली कानुनविद्, सामाजिक वैज्ञानिक, विशेषज्ञ र पेशाकर्मीहरु मिली यो संविधान प्रस्ताव गरेकाछौँ र अहिले पनि सुधार हुँदैछ। यो संविधान बनाउनको लागि जग पहिलो संविधानसभा भंग भएको बेलादेखि नै शुरु गरेका हौँ। त्यसैले गंभीर भएर पढिदिनुहोला सभासद महोदय !

अन्त्यमा म तपाईंलाई एउटै कुरामा ध्यानाकार्षण गराउन चाहन्छु। कुनै पनि संविधान नैतिकता विना सार्थक हुन्न, बनाउन र कार्यान्वन दुवैमा इच्छाशक्ति र इमान्दारी चाहिन्छ। प्रणाली अनुरुप चले मात्र देश समृद्ध बन्छ। संविधान त्यही राज्य व्यवस्थापन गर्ने प्रणाली हो जसलाई सफल पार्न अब तपाईं -हामी सबैको नैतिकता र मिहिनेत दुवै चाहिन्छ। संविधान समयसापेक्ष बनाऔं अनि सुधार गर्दै लैजान मिल्ने बनाऔं। हामीले बनाएको यो संविधान अब तपाईंलाई सुम्पिदैछौं। समयमै संविधान दिनुहोस्। अझ राम्रो बनाउन अहिलेको युवा र त्यसपछिको नव-पुस्ता तयार हुँदैछ।

यदि यसो गर्न सक्नु भएन भने एक दिन चाँडै नै अाउनेछ जुन बेला जनता अाफैले सिधै बैकल्पिक संविधान चुन्नेछन् तपाईको सहयोगै नलिईकन।

धन्यवाद सभासदज्यू।

हामीले बनाएका नेपालको संविधानको प्रस्ताव विस्तृतमा पढ्न यहाँ जानुहोला।
www.leadnepal.com/nepalconstitution

उज्वल थापा


 

य़सको एक संस्करण अनलाईन खबरमा प्रेसित भएको छ।

 

 

Being born a Nepali is never enough. Time to ‘become’ a Nepali !

नेपालीमा पनि पढ्नु होला
nepal-on-head

Who are you ?
I am a Nepali.
And why are you a Nepali?
…  …  …  … … … … …  …

What is your answer?  If you are like most of us, you would probably reply, “I am a Nepali because I was born here!”

So is that it? Do you believe that you deserve to be a Nepali because of your parents in which you had no hand in?  I don’t think this is fair. I believe for each of us to be a Nepali, we all have to “prove” ourselves as a Nepali.

Today, I want to introduce a bold concept: To be a Nepali, One has to ‘become’ a Nepali. So how does one ‘become’ a Nepali? Well for starters, it requires each Nepali to cultivate a certain world views of 21st century ‘bibeksheel’ ideals. Here are 20 of these ideals:

  1. ‘Nepal is our home; not some rented shack that we leave every time it crumbles’. Realize this.
  2. ‘We are all born to make a ‘dent’ in the universe.’ Promise yourself.
  3. ‘If not now, when? If not us, who?’ Chant this.
  4. ‘Hack at the roots of evil, not its branches.’ Focus on the right thing.
  5. ‘If they eat shit doesn’t mean we should.’ Hold yourself to a higher standard!
  6. ‘Either we clean our house, or others will come clean it (their way). Understand our geopolitics.
  7. ‘My nation, my responsibility’.  Take ownership!
  8. ‘Thank lavishly, apologize readily’. Make this a habit.
  9. ‘Connect all positives together then, align them in the same direction.’ Best way to defeat negative forces!
  10. ‘Keep improving or die trying’. Strive to be a center of excellence!
  11. Move your feet before your mouth!’ Lead by example.
  12. ‘When in doubt, listen within.’ Your soul is your moral compass.
  13. ‘Change is a marathon never a 100 meter sprint’. Be patient with yourself!
  14. ‘Criticize wrong actions not wrong people.’ Have empathy for others.
  15. ‘Make your dream come true or else you will be hired to make someone else’s dream come true.’  Be warned!
  16. ‘Share your time, resource and network widely.’ Sharing is caring!
  17. ‘Always go for win-win’. Make this your process and end-goal.
  18. ‘Never mind who takes credit for your work’. The secret of any success!
  19. “Take a small action, improve it repeatedly (for years)’ Don’t underestimate the power of persistence.
  20. ‘Nepal doesn’t need to change. I do.’ Realize this noble truth.

If you already live your life with these ideals, then bravo! you are a shining example of a Nepali for the rest of us. As for the rest of  us it’s high-time we start ‘becoming’ a Nepali.

Nepal is molded from the dreams and aspirations of each of us. How wonderful would it be if we each strived to become the very ideals we dream for our nation !

So will you “become” a Nepali?

Why did we write our own constitution of Nepal?

There comes a day in our lifetime when we Nepali must choose a path that will decide the future of our country.

Today, we are at the cross-roads and must make a choice: Do we unite Nepali of all ages, ethnic groups and beliefs to transform Nepal into a shining beacon of humanity? Or, do we accept Nepal as a failed nation?

Our common sense tells us, “It is our right to live free in a Nepal ruled by law.”  Therefore, it is our responsibility to rise against anyone who restricts us from our non-negotiable rights. Should Nepal’s rulers withhold us from our rights, it becomes our duty to organize ourselves to protect our rights. Standing up for these rights ensures that our government always remains a servant of us citizens, never our master.

Our constitution is our right! Timely delivery of constitution is non-negotiable. Each day we delay this, countless Nepali die inside and outside the country because of Nepal’s failed system. Millions of Nepali are forced to take extreme measures to survive. Many leave the country. Those who stay behind face the harsh realities of absence of law, pervasive criminal corruption, lawlessness and denial of justice. While we Nepali suffer in millions, our rulers fail to rise above their myopic party politics. They claim Nepal will be better after declaration of the new constitution, which they never show. As our society slowly degenerates,  ‘bibek’ is getting replaced by ‘bal’ as a new generation grows up seeing ‘hopelessness, corruption and apathy’ all around.

 Our representatives have taken hundred of billions from us to build this constitution. Yet, they continue to fail miserably after 6 agonizing long years. They repeatedly make baseless promises.  However, they never deliver that one unifying law, our constitution. What crime is worse than this?

 Enough is Enough! We must build an alternative. This is why BibekSheel Nepali united concerned citizens from all walks of life to build and publish a new constitution on Magh 8, 2071. We have not spent a single paisa of Nepali taxpayer money and have delivered a working constitution for the Nepali people.

You may ask – why have we created the Nepali Constitution when those elected to do so have failed?

We wanted to prove that Nepali constitution can be built on hope, not fear. It can be built with honest intentions. It can be built by diverse people from different walks of life without wasting billions and years fighting. Nepalese must unite if those sent to work for us, fail.

Overall, we wanted to offer Nepali people an option. You might further ask, what are the major attributes of our version of the Nepali Constitution, and why should Nepali people care?

We started building this constitution 3 years ago. During this time, we asked – What will create the environment for fair prosperity of all Nepali people? What will deliver timely and adequate justice? What will lay the foundation for the right leadership to lead successive governments that deliver to the people? What will free our elected officials from being held hostage by party or tribe or caste or sex? What will hold timely elections? What will give strong mandate (space and time) to leaders to deliver their promises? What will allow equality among citizens without discrimination? What will protect the tradition and culture of Nepal’s diverse groups while allowing cultural harmony?

We believe our published Nepal constitution 2071 has balanced solutions to the above questions. It is pragmatic and an evolving law of our land.

You may add – how did all this start?
Our constitution building process started the day after the first Constituent Assembly was dissolved on May 28th 2012, nearly 3 years ago.

We looked around us. We took lessons from hundreds of citizens’ gatherings to understand our society. We consulted with experts holding differing stands to educate ourselves on the complexities of the problems. Then painfully, one by one, we assembled volunteers from all walks of life who believed in our vision of creating a prosperous Nepal within our lifetime. We used technologies like the internet to bridge distances and collaboration gaps.

We looked outside. We researched 18th century constitutions like that of the USA. We studied 20th century constitutions like those of South Africa and Switzerland. We analyzed those that didn’t have one, like the UK. We evaluated those of emerging economies in South America and Africa as well as our immediate neighbors in the north and south. We found how they were succeeding but also had painfully learnt their lessons and how they found solutions. We also learnt Nepal with its diversity and geo-political location needs to find its own path and cannot blindly follow the paths of other nations.

In 2013, we literally walked for months, collecting dreams of thousands of Nepali people from all fourteen zones of Nepal. We continued studying the differences inside the Constituent Assembly over the last 6 years. We finally came together to draft a constitution that was simple for an ordinary Nepali to understand, and mature to become the law of our land.

What is amazing is – not a single paisa has been paid to the hundreds of reviewers and contributors involved!

Our constitution building process continues. We have published our first draft. We will incorporate more citizen concerns and aspirations so all Nepali will unite to own this constitution. After all, this is a constitution built from the dreams of all Nepali we have interacted with over the last few years.

We hope that our published constitution will be owned by Nepali citizens and by the constituent Assembly of Nepal. We hope more Nepali will improve it and tell their constituent assembly members what they want.

We have in our constitution tried hard to find a middle ground to address the great divide inside the constituent assembly and outside specially on the issues of federalism, identity, style of governance and election systems. We hope this will inspire even the Constituent Assembly members to find answers to their differences and learn from our proposed models. We have taken a middle path to building this pragmatic constitution that works for now and for our important future. We hope this will bridge the gaps between us Nepali people and unite all Nepali who believe in common sense.

Nepal’s Constitution should be of the people, for the people and by the people.

It is time Nepali people have an option to choose.

To read the Nepal Constitution BibekSheel Nepali has proposed, please go here: www.leadnepal.com/nepalconstitution

 

Warm Regards,
Ujwal Thapa
Chairperson,
BibekSheel Nepali.

 

 

Federal Republic of Nepal
Federal Republic of Nepal
English version of Nepal government structure in bibeksheel constitution
Nepal government structure

 

How is  the legislature elected in Nepal ?
How is the legislature elected in Nepal ?

 

– Read on Myrepublica daily here.

What ‘stops’ a positive force from leading Nepal ?

नेपालीमा यहाँ पढ्नुहोला

What ‘stops’ a positive force from leading Nepal ?

Nepal is filled with intelligent and talented Nepali who love their country dearly. Not a single day passes by when we don’t hear of a remarkable feat of a Nepali around the world. So here is a question for you.

“Despite many intelligent and talented Nepali like us,  why is our nation still stuck in a rut of poverty while our neighbors leap towards prosperity? Why do we keep falling from one disaster to another? Why do incompetent leaders who fail us repeatedly continue to rule our nation?

The real question is, what ‘STOPS’ us from creating that positive force which leads Nepal to prosperity?

The bitter truth is that “WE” – the most intelligent, talented and fortunate among all Nepali - are the key obstacle to getting the leadership Nepal deserves. Our cynical habits and fatalistic attitude consistently stop any credible leadership from rising to lead Nepal. Here’s how:

“Individually excellent, collective failure!”
We may have become experts and leaders in our fields. But we have become so comfortable in our own little cocoons that when someone dares to start on a nation building journey, it does not occur to us that we should help. We subconsciously fear that if we try to help, our carefully carved reputation might get stained. By refusing to align with other leaders we forsake succeeding collectively. As a result, while our nation reeks of failure, we stay cozy inside our bubble.

“My way or the highway!”
We believe that only our way will bring “proper” change in Nepal. We have a nasty habit of dismissing other’s efforts as useless or even outright harmful. Our narrow-minded arrogance has stopped many remarkable Nepali from coming together to solve our nation’s problems.

“We bask in the warmth of power.”
We often rely on the very corrupt people and failed systems we seek to change. We rarely reflect on the consequences of this, especially how it harms those struggling to ignite progressive changes. We often become bystanders in their actions. Only when they succeed, we enter to reap the benefits, not unlike parasites who leech on their hosts to nourish ourselves.

“They must only be after money!”
We are deeply suspicious of positive deeds. If a person starts something promising, we suspect ulterior motives behind it. Our doubts soon take the form of subtle yet vicious rumors spreading like ‘chinese whispers’ which isolates any changemaker. Unknowingly, we become promoters of a culture of pulling others down – “khutta tanne prabidhi”.

“Such is life” Yestai ho, Ke garne?” attitude.
Have you noticed many of our conversations usually end on this note!  We often blame our own “karma” for injustices we face. When we repeat this mantra of ‘fatalism’ daily, we unconsciously build an ecosystem that makes it harder for changemakers to persuade. We create a vicious cycle of resignation within us that dampens the drive for positive transformation from within.

“We over-promise, under-deliver”
How many times have we fallen victim to this? When invited to support a cause, even we are guilty of committing but rarely showing up. Even when we do, we seem to do it out of sheer obligation. We Nepali need to learn the art of saying “No”. We may dismiss this as trivial but to those seeking to transform our nation, these ‘no-shows’ and ‘unreliability’ slowly drains their efforts dry.

 

”I did them a big favor. They better pay back soon! ”
How many times have we heard this? Many of us have a habit of counting our favors and expecting immediate returns. We have little empathy for those who have dared to take the difficult path of transforming our nation. We often prematurely cut short our support leaving them in limbo.

‘Grass is always greener outside Nepal’
How often do we hear this, “Their children are already in America while mine are stuck here...” A Facebook status about winning US DV lottery gets hundreds of likes. But, a call for helping flood victims in Nepal barely gets barely a few. We celebrate relatives who leave Nepal but when one comes back, we howl, “Are you crazy?” Our towns and villages have become old age homes. Our youth are busy building other nations. Ever wonder who our leaders will be left to work with to build Nepal?

“Tomorrow when I wake up, let there be a prosperous Nepal!”
How many of us silently pray for divine power like Pashupatinath to come and save us, ‘the good ones’? We expect our nation to heal on its own without any effort from our side. We often confuse nation building as an effortless task ‘some-one’ else should easily do for us. Instead of lending hand to those patiently trying to build our nation, we are busy daydreaming that somehow it will magically transform overnight!

So until and unless we cleanse ourselves of these negative attitudes, habits and beliefs, we – the fortunate ones – will continue to be the biggest barriers to any positive force leading Nepal to prosperity. So instead of continuing to be a “leadership barrier”, if you want to to cleanse yourself  and become a “leadership builder” here are some of my suggestions.

1) Recognize a leader: do they practise what they preach?
Check whether they only pay lip service or actually keep their word. Instead of falling for lofty promises, find out if they have delivered in the past. Always champion those who under-promise and over-deliver.

 

2) Don’t “Aid”. “Invest”!
Future leaders need your long term commitment to change, not your one-time donations. If you can, invest your time directly. Otherwise, invest by giving resources or your network. Nation building is like raising your own child. It takes years before you see results. Imagine how rewarding it will be seeing these budding leaders grow and deliver in the future ( because of you). 

3)  “Leaders are built (not born or found)” Make this your mantra.
Buddha, Gandhi, Mandela, Mother Teresa’s journey to excellence did not happen overnight. Pele did not become Pele on his own. Continuous faith and support from citizens similar to you moulded and sharpened these ordinary beings into extraordinary. Today, you have this exciting power to nurture the leaders and heroes you crave for in Nepal. So, take control for raising the next Buddha right here and make our Nepal shine again!

4) Stop building another paradise, focus on rebuilding our own.
Nepal is a broken paradise. Over the years, we broke it. Now let us rebuild it. Instead of “building” already developed nations, why don’t we come together to rebuild our own? If you are outside, you can start building your own path back to Nepal by investing in positive changes here so that our paradise is rebuilt right here, with your direct help from there.

5) “Feed the hungry, not those already full”
Instead of continuing to support only those already powerful, how about giving a hand to those who need it. Those working for change are usually alone, starving for help. Embrace them. Instead of voting for those you think might win, how about voting for those who you believe are on the right path?

6) Help marathon runners, not 100 meter sprinters.
We usually fail right here. We often trust those who promise immediate results without questioning how they would deliver this. Change comes through persistence. We all know this. Let us build our patience to support these who are in it for the long haul and do not tire easily. If you want to see a nation transformed, seek those who are ready to run marathons, not quick sprints.

7) Embrace doers and bring balance to the system.
There is a deep imbalance in Nepal because those who prescribe change outnumber those who make that change happen. Planners, advisers and intellectuals alone isn’t enough to build our nation. We need to find and support the ‘doers’ who will dare to make that change happen.

8) Be that “first follower”!
To build Nepal, you don’t need to have a PhD or be inside the circle of power. Neither do you need to be inside Nepal nor do you need to be a citizen. All you need is to consistently care. The first few dedicated followers is most critical to any future leader. Will you dare to become that ‘first follower’?

9) Place your bet on the ‘outliers’ (mavericks).
Modern Nepal came to be because of one man who ruled over a tiny hill, Gorkha. Nepali history is filled with sea changes brought about by people who rose from obscurity. Therefore build that courage and determination to incubate the mavericks among us. Who knows, you might be the reason someone rewrites Nepali history yet again!

10) Spread positive rumors.
If nothing else, at least cultivate ‘positive gossip’ as a habit. Practice spreading positive news, however small, be it a teenager who volunteered to manage traffic or donated books, spread these type of news wholeheartedly. And please restrain that impulse to spread negative rumors. Disciplining ourselves around this single habit would do wonders for our national well-being.

In conclusion, I believe that leaders are not only those who lead, but also those who ‘build’ leaders. Nepal today needs leadership builders like you. While only a few may be able to make the sacrifices needed to become a leader, the rest of us are able to take up the role of building leaders simply by nurturing these leadership building attitudes.

Nepal is a paradise. To realize its true beauty, the first thing we need to do is to change our own attitudes. Let us not wait. Let us start building the leadership our beautiful Nepal deserves!

Ujwal Thapa
Building 21st century relevant Nepali leaders at BibekSheel Nepali Party’

Read in Setopati newspaper

समस्त ‘पशुका संरक्षक’ पशुपतिनाथ भगवानले हामीलाई किन रक्षा गर्ने?

Photo © Gemunu Amarasinghe/AP/Courtesy WSJ
Photo © Gemunu Amarasinghe/AP/Courtesy WSJ

समस्त ‘पशुका संरक्षक’ पशुपतिनाथ भगवानले हामीलाई किन रक्षा गर्ने?
एकातिर उनैले ‘रक्षा’ गरेको देशमै हामी पशुको भीषण बलि दिने आँट गर्छौँ। अर्कोतिर उनैसँग हामी आफू र आफन्तको ‘सुरक्षा’ मागीहिँड्छौँ।

गढिमाईले वा मनकामना माईले हामीलाई किन रक्षा गर्ने?
कुनै प्राणीको तन-मन छिनी हाम्रो मनको कामना होस् भन्दै यी देवीसँग बरदान माग्छौँ।

गोरखकाली वा समग्रमा काली-दुर्गा-भगवतीले हामीलाई किन रक्षा गर्ने ?
उनको नाममा दशैँमा गोरखा दरबारदेखि हनुमानढोसम्म बाटैभरि रगतको खोला बगाउँछौँ अनि देशमा काटमार कदापि नहोस् भन्दै उनैलाई कामना गर्छौँ।

देशभरि विभिन्न मठ मन्दिरमा कुनै प्राणीको काल हरण गरी हाम्रै काल लम्ब्याउने जुक्ति गर्छौँ। वाह! नेपाल बुद्ध जन्मिएको देश हो भन्दै एकातिर हामी चिच्चाउदैँ हिँडछौँ, अर्कोतिर विभिन्न चाडपर्वको बहानामा भीषण पशुबलि दिन आतुर हुन्छौँ। अचम्म लाग्दो!

कसैलाई यो कुरामा चित्त नबुझ्ला र तर्क राख्नुहोला,

‘यी त पुस्तौँदेखि चलीआएका संस्कार, चलन, रीतिरिवाज हुन्। किन यसमा टाउको दुखाई?’

त्यसो त सतीप्रथा पनि एक जमानामा रीतिरिवाज थियो। अहिले छैन। किन? कसैले टाउको दुखाएरै त हटेको हो यो। दासप्रथा पनि कानुनसम्मत थियो, पशुपतिनाथकै ढुकुटीबाटै पैसा झिकेर उन्मुलन भएको हो। छुवाछुत प्रथा समाजमा ब्याप्त थियो। यी सबै अहिले छैन। कमलरी प्रथा भरखरै हटाईयो।

अहिले बहुसंख्यक हामीले ‘भगवानलाई खुसी पार्न बलि नदिइकन नै बडा दशैँ मनाउन थालिसकेका छौँ। यस्तैगरी ‘छुई – महिनावारी’ प्रथालाई पनि घरमै समय सापेक्ष ढंगबाट सुधार गर्दै लगेकाछौँ। छाउ प्रथा विरुद्ध प्रयास जारी छ। छुवाछुत तोडिसक्यौँ। अन्तरजातीय विवाह पनि सामाजिक आदर्श बनिसकेको छ। भीषण गृह-युद्धबाट निस्केको देशले नै ‘आदर्शको लागि काटमार’ गर्ने प्रथालाई त्यागीसकेको छ।

भनेपछि अघि जे प्रथा थियो, अहिले पनि त्यही प्रथा त्यही स्वरुपमा रहँदैन। युगान्तरमा सबै चाल-चलन, संस्कृति र परम्परा समयसापेक्ष तरिकाले सुधार हुँदै जादोँ रहेछ। यसमा अब दुईमत रहेन। ‘सुधार’ विधिको नियम हो र प्रकृतिको आधार पनि हो। अहिलेसम्म त हामीले समयसँग मेल नखाने चाल-चलनलाई त्याग्दै गएको तथ्यमा हाम्रै ईतिहास साक्षी छ।

यसैले अब ‘भगवानलाई खुसी पार्न पशु बलि’ दिने प्रथामा पनि ‘सुधार’ को खाँचो छ। हामी बुद्ध जन्मेको देशमा भएकोमा बडो गर्व गर्छौँ। हामी पशुपतिनाथले रक्षा गर्ने देश भएकोमा ढुक्क छौँ। अब आफैँ स्वविवेक प्रयोग गरौँ। तपाईको विवेकले के भन्छ यो विषयमा?

फेरि सोध्नुहोला, ‘त्यसो भए के हामी मासु नखाने त?’

मासु खाने वा नखानेसँग यो लेखको कुनै सम्बन्ध छैन। पेट भर्नलाई तपाई के खानुहुन्छ त्यो तपाईँकै व्यक्तिगत मामला हो।

मेरो तर्क यत्ति हो कि, तपाई एकातिर दिनदिनै पशुपतिनाथ वा वुद्ध भगवानलाई पूजा गर्ने अनि रक्षा माग्ने, अर्कोतिर आफै भगवानलाई खुसी पार्न पशुबलि दिने प्रथालाई प्रोत्साहन दिनुचाहिँ भएन। हाम्रा यस्तो दुई जिब्रे व्यवहार देखेर भगवान कसरी खुसी हुन्छन् होला र? यत्ति एउटा कुरामा चाही स्वविवेक प्रयोग गर्ने कि?

‘यस्ता पशुबलि दिने प्रथा अरु देशमा पनि त छन्। उनीहरुले चाहिँ गर्न हुने, हामीले चाहिँ किन गर्न नहुने?’

अरुको देखासिकी गरी हामीले निर्णय गर्नु ठीक कि आफ्नै विवेक प्रयोग गरी निर्णय गर्नु ठीक? अरुले गरेको काम ठीक हो या होईन त्यो छुट्टाउने विवेक हामी हरेक नेपालीमा छ। अरुले गरेको गलत कामलाई हामीले अँगाल्ने कि उल्टो उनीहरुलाई हामीले सिकाउने ?

गढीमाई पर्व होस् या मनकामनाको पूजा, दशैँको अष्टमीमा होस् या अरु कुनै चाडपर्वमा ‘भगवानलाई खुसी पार्न पशुबलि दिने’ प्रथामा समयसापेक्ष रुपमा सुधार गरौँ। संस्कृतिले धनी हाम्रो नेपालमा चाडपर्वमा ‘मार्नु’ को सट्टा ‘बचाउने’ संस्कार ल्याउने बेला आएको छ। हाम्रा यी अद्भूत चाडपर्वहरुलाई सुधारमुखी तरिकाले परिमार्जित गर्दै अझ भव्य रुपमा मनाउनु पो पर्छ त! मनकामना, गढीमाई, गोरखकाली देवीलाई पशुबलिको सट्टा बाटो, कुलो, पुस्तकालय, चर्पी बनाउँछु भनी भाकल गरे कसो होला! यस्तै कयौँ समयसापेक्ष विवेकशील बाटो चुनौँ न हामीले।

आउनुहोस्, २१ औं शताव्दीमा नेपालमा ‘भगवानलाई खुसी पार्न प्राणी बली’को प्रथा उन्मुलन गरी बुद्धले सिकाएका पाठ र पशुपतिनाथले रक्षा गर्ने देशको मूल मर्ममा फेरि हामी हिँड़ने आँट गरौँ। अनि बल्ल हामीले कल्पना गरेको शान्त र संमृद्ध नेपाल हाम्रै कालमा देख्नेछौँ।

भगवानलाई खुसी पार्न अब मार्ने होईन बचाउने प्रथा शुरु गरौँ। चाहे त्यो पशु बचाऊ होस् वा प्रकृति, व्यक्ति बचाऊ होस् वा देश। यही विवेक हामी सबैमा जागोस्।

पशुपतिनाथले हामी सबैको रक्षा गरुन्। 

सेतोपाटी पत्रिकामा पनि पढ्नु होला।