Category Archives: marketing of politics

A better way to do politics, my advice on how to distinguish yourself in politics (possibly?)

Why did we write our own constitution of Nepal?

There comes a day in our lifetime when we Nepali must choose a path that will decide the future of our country.

Today, we are at the cross-roads and must make a choice: Do we unite Nepali of all ages, ethnic groups and beliefs to transform Nepal into a shining beacon of humanity? Or, do we accept Nepal as a failed nation?

Our common sense tells us, “It is our right to live free in a Nepal ruled by law.”  Therefore, it is our responsibility to rise against anyone who restricts us from our non-negotiable rights. Should Nepal’s rulers withhold us from our rights, it becomes our duty to organize ourselves to protect our rights. Standing up for these rights ensures that our government always remains a servant of us citizens, never our master.

Our constitution is our right! Timely delivery of constitution is non-negotiable. Each day we delay this, countless Nepali die inside and outside the country because of Nepal’s failed system. Millions of Nepali are forced to take extreme measures to survive. Many leave the country. Those who stay behind face the harsh realities of absence of law, pervasive criminal corruption, lawlessness and denial of justice. While we Nepali suffer in millions, our rulers fail to rise above their myopic party politics. They claim Nepal will be better after declaration of the new constitution, which they never show. As our society slowly degenerates,  ‘bibek’ is getting replaced by ‘bal’ as a new generation grows up seeing ‘hopelessness, corruption and apathy’ all around.

 Our representatives have taken hundred of billions from us to build this constitution. Yet, they continue to fail miserably after 6 agonizing long years. They repeatedly make baseless promises.  However, they never deliver that one unifying law, our constitution. What crime is worse than this?

 Enough is Enough! We must build an alternative. This is why BibekSheel Nepali united concerned citizens from all walks of life to build and publish a new constitution on Magh 8, 2071. We have not spent a single paisa of Nepali taxpayer money and have delivered a working constitution for the Nepali people.

You may ask – why have we created the Nepali Constitution when those elected to do so have failed?

We wanted to prove that Nepali constitution can be built on hope, not fear. It can be built with honest intentions. It can be built by diverse people from different walks of life without wasting billions and years fighting. Nepalese must unite if those sent to work for us, fail.

Overall, we wanted to offer Nepali people an option. You might further ask, what are the major attributes of our version of the Nepali Constitution, and why should Nepali people care?

We started building this constitution 3 years ago. During this time, we asked – What will create the environment for fair prosperity of all Nepali people? What will deliver timely and adequate justice? What will lay the foundation for the right leadership to lead successive governments that deliver to the people? What will free our elected officials from being held hostage by party or tribe or caste or sex? What will hold timely elections? What will give strong mandate (space and time) to leaders to deliver their promises? What will allow equality among citizens without discrimination? What will protect the tradition and culture of Nepal’s diverse groups while allowing cultural harmony?

We believe our published Nepal constitution 2071 has balanced solutions to the above questions. It is pragmatic and an evolving law of our land.

You may add – how did all this start?
Our constitution building process started the day after the first Constituent Assembly was dissolved on May 28th 2012, nearly 3 years ago.

We looked around us. We took lessons from hundreds of citizens’ gatherings to understand our society. We consulted with experts holding differing stands to educate ourselves on the complexities of the problems. Then painfully, one by one, we assembled volunteers from all walks of life who believed in our vision of creating a prosperous Nepal within our lifetime. We used technologies like the internet to bridge distances and collaboration gaps.

We looked outside. We researched 18th century constitutions like that of the USA. We studied 20th century constitutions like those of South Africa and Switzerland. We analyzed those that didn’t have one, like the UK. We evaluated those of emerging economies in South America and Africa as well as our immediate neighbors in the north and south. We found how they were succeeding but also had painfully learnt their lessons and how they found solutions. We also learnt Nepal with its diversity and geo-political location needs to find its own path and cannot blindly follow the paths of other nations.

In 2013, we literally walked for months, collecting dreams of thousands of Nepali people from all fourteen zones of Nepal. We continued studying the differences inside the Constituent Assembly over the last 6 years. We finally came together to draft a constitution that was simple for an ordinary Nepali to understand, and mature to become the law of our land.

What is amazing is – not a single paisa has been paid to the hundreds of reviewers and contributors involved!

Our constitution building process continues. We have published our first draft. We will incorporate more citizen concerns and aspirations so all Nepali will unite to own this constitution. After all, this is a constitution built from the dreams of all Nepali we have interacted with over the last few years.

We hope that our published constitution will be owned by Nepali citizens and by the constituent Assembly of Nepal. We hope more Nepali will improve it and tell their constituent assembly members what they want.

We have in our constitution tried hard to find a middle ground to address the great divide inside the constituent assembly and outside specially on the issues of federalism, identity, style of governance and election systems. We hope this will inspire even the Constituent Assembly members to find answers to their differences and learn from our proposed models. We have taken a middle path to building this pragmatic constitution that works for now and for our important future. We hope this will bridge the gaps between us Nepali people and unite all Nepali who believe in common sense.

Nepal’s Constitution should be of the people, for the people and by the people.

It is time Nepali people have an option to choose.

To read the Nepal Constitution BibekSheel Nepali has proposed, please go here: www.leadnepal.com/nepalconstitution

 

Warm Regards,
Ujwal Thapa
Chairperson,
BibekSheel Nepali.

 

 

Federal Republic of Nepal
Federal Republic of Nepal
English version of Nepal government structure in bibeksheel constitution
Nepal government structure

 

How is  the legislature elected in Nepal ?
How is the legislature elected in Nepal ?

 

– Read on Myrepublica daily here.

विवेकशील नेपाली का मन्त्रहरु (A common Sense Nepali’s values)

म अहिले एउटा नया राजनितिक मञ्चमा आवद्ध छु।    हेरक ‘विवेकशील नेपाली’ सदष्यले यी तल लेखिएका मुल्य-मान्यता आत्मसात गर्ने संरचना बनाउँदैछौँ।  :)
बिस्तृत जानकारीको लागि विवेकशील नेपाली मञ्चको वेबसाईट leadnepal.com हेर्नुहोला।

‘विवेकशील नेपाली’ मञ्चको संगठनिक संस्कारको थालनीको लागि यी मार्गदर्शनका केहि मुल्य मान्यता (मन्त्रहरु):

 हाम्रो मन्त्र : विवेकशीलता

  1. हामी सर्बोत्क्रिस्टताको केन्द्रबिन्दु हौ
    1.  हामी कम बोल्छौँ, धेरै गर्छौँ  or बाचा कम, गरेर देखाउने सोचे भन्दा बढि
    2.  हामी म्याराथन धावक हौ, १०० मिटरका होईन
    3.  हामी सर्वोकृस्ट व्यक्तिलाई नै स्थान दिन्छौँ। अनि सदस्यहरुलाई उत्कृष्ट बन्न तयार गर्छौँ।
    4.  हामी यथास्तिथिलाई सकारात्मक चुनौती दिई राख्छौँ
    5.  हामी नेपाललाई सुहाउँदो विश्वका उत्कृस्ट नीति र अभ्यासलाई लागु गर्न खोजी राख्छौँ।
  2. हामी  ( सत्यनिष्ठा वा ईमान्दारिता ) उदाहरण हौँ ।
    1. हरेक काममा हामी पारदर्शी छौँ
    2. अल्पकालमा हामीलाई जस्तै क्षती पुगे नि हामी जहिले नि ठिक काम मात्रै गर्छौ
    3. हामी समस्यालाई आलेटाल नगरि सिधा समाधान तिर लाग्छौँ र अरुबाट पनि ईमान्दारिता सिदान्त र अभ्यासले देखाउन माग गर्छौँ ।
    4.  हाम्रो प्राथमिकता: पहिलो नागरिकहरु हुन्, दोस्रो जो उनीहरुसंग डिल गर्छन्, अनि मात्र ब्यबस्तापकहरु।
    5. हाम्रो कामले जहिल्यै एक बनाउछँ, कहिल्यै बिभाजन होईन !
  3. हामी आफ्नो क्रिर्याकलापमा सदैब जिम्मेबार र जबाफदेही छौ
    1. हाम्रो क्रिर्याकलापले नागरिकहरुलाई सदैव जिम्मेबार र नेतृत्वलाई जवाफदेही हुन प्रेरित गर्छ
    2.  प्रत्येक सदस्य आफ्नो  कार्यकलापमा व्यक्तिगत रुपले जवाफदेही रहने छन्
    3. चुनौती र जोखिमका बाबजुद हामी लक्ष्य तर्फ अगाडी बढि रहने छौ
  4. हामी सुन्छौ र सुध्रन्छौ (सधैँ)
    1. हामी सबै स्रोतबाट प्राप्त राम्रो विचार र तरिकालाई आत्मसात गछौ
    2. हामी सोचाई, दृस्टीकोण, विचार, र क्रियाहरुमा विविधतालाई आत्मसात गछौ
    3. हामी हाम्रा भन्दा भिन्न बिचारलाई  पनि सुन्छौँ
    4. हामी योगदान र समिक्षाको कदर गर्छौ  तर सर्बसम्मतिको रटान भन्दा चाडो निर्णयको तुलनात्मक लाभ प्रति हामी सजग छौ
    5. हामी प्राप्त राय प्रति लचिलो, र अनुकलनिय हुँदै प्रतिक्रिया दिन्छौँ
    6. आफुबाट भएका गल्तीलाई हामी चाँडो भन्दा चाडोँ आत्मसात गर्छौ ।
  5. हामी सदस्यहरुलाई माया गर्छौ
    1. यहाँ काम गर्ने सबैको यस संगठनमा स्वामित्व हुन्छ
    2. हामी हाम्रा सदस्यहरुलाई उनीहरुको ब्यवसायिक र सामाजिक क्रियाकलाप र योजनामा ) सफल हुन सघाँउछौ
    3. हामी मिलेरै सफल हुन्छौ
  6. शक्तिले सबैलाई भ्रस्ट बनाउँछ तसर्थ हामी नियमित अन्तरालमा हरेक तहका नेतृत्वको  परिवर्तन भै राख्‍ने प्रथा सुनिस्चित गर्छौ।
    http://www.keepholdings.com/culture/  बाट प्रभावित -

 

All Nepali politicians should become entrepreneurs !

Yes you heard it right. All Nepali politicians should be entrepreneurs (or at least self-sustainable). Why ?

Because politics in Nepal has become a career profession. And when a “nation-service” becomes a “career profession”, the country goes down the drain. (As you might have noticed).

Yes this idea sounds controversial but It is exactly the medicine I am prescribing for Nepal. Politics should never be the full-time profession for any Nepali. A politician has to find an alternate way to sustain themselves if they want to engage in Nepal.  Politics should be simply what it is: altruistic nation service.

Why should all Nepali politicians become entrepreneurs (or at-least self-employed)?

That’s because most Nepali politicians are very corrupt.

Why are they corrupt ?

  • Because they have to take care of their family, their cadres and their party.
  • They are strictly discouraged to create an alternate source of income through entrepreneurship or other sustainable ways of income.
  • They are asked to give every minute of their time to the party.
  • They don’t know how to earn money and make a living.

Thus, they become career politicians.

So Why don’t just we pay them more salary instead of asking them to become entrepreneurs or self-employed?

Well it just won’t be enough will it! Because Jobs in Nepal will never pay enough in the long run to make politicians needs. Even if you give them one lakh a month, it won’t be enough. Learning to become an entrepreneur may actually be one of the quicker ways politicians have a chance to earn money the right way, that will go towards taking care of their big needs. And one other reason, they regain their dignity back, when they know they can make a living even when they leave politics or lose elections.

Can politicians become entrepreneurial ?

Already politicians have some of the skills of entrepreneurs. They know how to organize, how to lead a group and they know how to sell themselves (they are good salesperson of their political group, philosophy and the future), they are very persistent  and they fail often. Quite the qualities of any good entrepreneur.

What are politicians doing now?

Politicians now here in Nepal have very few entrepreneurship experience or time so they do the only thing they can do to earn money. Which is to abuse their power to take bribes, get commissions, sell passports, work with crooks, and make easy money to sustain themselves.

Why do you think so many of the 601 go abroad so often? They get easy money (भत्ता). They need this money. If they already had another money source, a legitimate one, would they resort to such crooked self-dignity hurting measures ? I think not. No one wants to be corrupt.

What are the processes of turning politicians into entrepreneurs (or self-reliant) ?

First, educate politicians and their families into becoming entrepreneurs. Make it easy for them to get mentorship, advice, opportunities. On the side, make the punishment ten times severe, if they abuse their authority to do anything illegal. Concentrate on building their skills they can use in the long-term to earn money. As they focus more on creating jobs, generating income, and less on recruiting jobless party cadres, they will not have to take bribes. They can take care of their family and cadres by the income they gain from their entrepreneurial ventures.

What if they fail ? Do remember, an entrepreneur who has failed is actually a better entrepreneur who can learn from his/her mistakes and bounce back. Even Min Bahadur Gurung of Bhatbhateni had his whole shop burnt to the ground after he started his small shop now called “Bhatbhateni super market”. And politicians like entrepreneurs fail often. So they have a natural attribute to become an entrepreneur.

How do we hold politicians accountable so that they don’t abuse their authority in their dual role as politicians-entrepreneurs ?

I know you will say, “but won’t they abuse their authority more ?”
Less incentive : Well, if they already have money coming from alternate source, there is certainly less incentive for them to greed-ier than before.

Harsher punishment: And as for abuse of their authority, making punishments harsh like these could help: “Total assets frozen” including that of their families, stripping of their right to hold public positions, and life imprisonment.

As long as there is no conflict of interest between the politician’s political job and their entrepreneurial activity this arrangement should work fine. And on top of that, politicians will regulate each other since it is political suicide for them to be seen favoring their own business while in office. So it seems the market forces of politicians will regulate the case of “conflict of interest”.

Examples of a politician who are already using this path: Nepali politician Gagan Thapa opening a meat shop. I believe this is a way for him to generate revenue to sustain his family (and of course branding).
Rajendra Khetan comes from an entrepreneurial background. As long as he has no conflicts of interest between his ‘nation service’ and ‘self-service’, he could fulfill both his duties as a politician and a political leader.

Lets rally against Politics as a profession. Lets rally to build leaders who have a sustainable way of income other than from politics.

Nepal Politics 101: Don’t let them wear you down.

If there is one tactic that political forces in Nepal use all the time, most effectively it is this:

They wear you down !

Lets say, you have been victimized. So you launch a hunger strike or agitation or a pressure campaign for your demands to be addressed. In Nepal, your opponents (political forces, government etc) will wait till the last moment and then they promise you something they know they are not capable of delivering. Then they come to you amid-st huge media attention and declare that they have gladly addressed the demands. Everyone (media, your supporters, public) thanks them for helping solve the problem they started.

After assuming that this case has been settled now, your supporters and media attention now shifts to someone else with a new exciting cause. You yourself feel confident your demands are very close to be met. You get taken to meet a few high flying people in the government or political force/organization/party/alliance. You feel your cause is getting due attention. More promises follow. But as time passes slowly you realize this negotiation is just a stalling tactic. You realize that you will have to compromise your demands a bit, because that might help the process move ahead. So you give in an inch. They take in a foot. They know you are now weaker and in a position to settle for less. Then another excuse and then another..

Then one day with desperation, you threaten them with another agitation. They usually only  show a sober face to repeat that they are under instructions. They cannot deliver much more than this. This is how things work here, they say as they sympathize with you.

Most of us usually give up at this stage, bitter and angry. If you approach your supporters and media, they have already latched to another cause so will only write a 5th page synopsis or a byline in television on how you have been misled. But none of us cares or has energy to  find out this is a usual tactic employed here in Nepal.

If you are determined enough, you usually launch another agitation to demand again. This whole process repeats until you tire and fade away. And my friends, this is Nepal Politics 101 !

How do we tackle this ?

The key here is “relentless pursuit of your cause”. Otherwise they will out-run, out-tire and out-fox you. Be warned !

• Never lose your guard until you get. Accept you will only get what you want by out-tiring them.
• And always create and keep an alliance of positive forces that are persistent in their nature. And do align them in the same direction. You will need them at times like this.

Take some heart from Doctor Govind Kc of Teaching hospital who persisted in his fast till death campaign against politicization in hospitals (public institutions).

Thoughts on Political institutions and structures in Nepal : Summary of 7th open citizens meet-up in Kathmandu

See you tomorrow (Saturday) at 9:45 am for the 8th open meeting at GAA Thamel, Kathmandu (till 11:15 am). Here are some of the summaries of the last episode ( 7th meetup).

•There are strong links between political culture and literacy levels; with rising levels of literacy in Nepal, there is greater hope for a better system to come into place.

• Charismatic leadership circles, an enlightened mass, and a suitable political structure are needed in order for a better political culture to develop. In Nepal’s political history as well, people like B.P. Koirala, Madan Bhandari, etc. were charismatic leaders with a great vision, but they did not have an enlightened mass to support them, nor did they make an effective political structure to streamline their own governance and give their administration an efficient and transparent direction. In this sense, all these leaders who succeeded in specific historical events but failed in longer-term political processes were not successful because of the absence of a ‘good’ political structure within which to run.

• The differences between professional politicians and professionals who then get into politics is an important one. For instance, professional who already have a means to sustain themselves before and after they get into/ out of politics are more likely to be sincere, transparent, and not as entrenched in their own power-trips. On the other hand, politicians who depend almost entirely upon politics for their livelihood, professional politicians’, are more likely to be corrupt and less likely to support a fluid power structure.
A fluid power structure, with a constant (periodic) rotation of those in positions of power, is essential for a better political system and government.

• There are many institutional arrangements that can be made to make sure such fluidity of power. E.g. particular parties could make internal arrangements to make sure there is a fluid rotation of people as party leaders and to curtail the entrenched powers of the older leaders.

• A distributive “check and balance” mechanism for power is needed within a political leadership team, bureaucratic structure, party structure, and other institutionalized forms of governance.

• Maybe the focus be on the ways to split the relations between power and authority; there should be mechanisms to make sure greater distribution of power and responsibilities.

•It should be borne in mind that power is always delegated to powerful people; this is the basic tenet of democracy whereby leaders become powerful only because they receive support from their subordinates (or people).