Category Archives: leadership

Ujwal Thapa’s ideas about leadership in Nepal in business, in society and in politics.

What is 21st century relevant leadership for Nepal?

“What is 21st century relevant leadership for Nepal?”

(नेपालीमा पढ्नुहोस् )

In the past few months, there has been a lively discussion in the national media. All about an acute need for an alternative ‘political’ force in Nepal. I am encouraged by this intellectual discourse which surely will help build 21st century relevant leaders for Nepal. Thank you everyone who have consistently kept this important agenda into the limelight.

Here are my 2 years of fresh experiences building a political force in Nepal that would be relevant for the 21st century.

2 years ago, Nepal was going through a tumultuous period. A syndicate of incompetent political parties who had little will or vision were taking turns ruling Nepal. Bitter political wranglings topped by acute corruption was rapidly dismantling any good governance we had left. All of a sudden, Nepal’s constitution building body was abruptly dissolved, leaving behind a power vaccum with a deeply divided society.

This created much hatred towards the country’s political forces. Every Nepali then, had only one question in their minds, “ (Oh god!) What Next?”

At such crucial times, many Nepalese from different professions and backgrounds came together and started searching for an answer to this “What Next?” We publicly brainstormed for 22 continuous weeks taking feedbacks from more than a 1,000 concerned Nepalese from all walks of life. Students ,house-wives, CEOs, teachers, social workers, businesswomen, everyone had one consistent advice for us. “Only a 21st century relevant leadership carrying political force would end this ever-growing crisis and help bring about lasting positive transformation for Nepal. This laid the foundation for “BibekSheel Nepali” party.

“So what is 21st century relevant leadership for Nepal?” For the last 2 years, we have built Bibeksheel Nepali from ground-up by answering this pertinent question. We identified 12 key 21st century leadership values/traits a political force should have to lead us to a prosperous Nepal within a generation.

  1. Results oriented & pragmatic: A political force has to be simply results-oriented, with an evolving, pragmatic philosophy to help meet that. It’s foundation would rest on at least these eight 21st century basic values; responsibility, accountability, prosperity, empowerment, freedom, diversity, servant government and pragmatism.
  2. Follow the middle path (balance): This progressive force follows a middle path whereby on one hand, it inspires citizens to be responsible while simultaneously builds systems to hold leaders accountable. It plays a delicate balancing act by enabling citizens to become the agents of prosperity while also building a servant government system that guarantees public welfare for those in need.
  3. Moderate views: This moderate force has a leadership that prescribes balanced, pragmatic solutions to keep this country united and progressive.
  4. Equitable prosperity: It doggedly drives the country towards ‘equitable prosperity’, concentrating politics on an economy that provides opportunity for every citizen to prosper.
  5. Systemized: In Nepal, the crux of the problem lies not in an person but in their system (culture). Hence this political force will rely upon a effective system and not on individual charismatic leaders.  It’s structure is made of 3 parallel ‘check and balance’ systems; the legislature, executive and judiciary. Just like an effective 21st century democratic government. The legislature is made of politicians who want to get in to government to rule (like any traditional political party). The executive has managers and experts who professionally manage the organization efficiently and transparently. The judiciary has those whose primary goal is to keep up discipline, protect the values (culture) and the constitution of the organization at all costs. These 3 wings independently and inter dependently work with each other to check and balance each other. This ‘check and balance’ system makes this political force run accountably, transparently and effectively.
  6. Self reliant members: The primary reason Nepal’s current political forces are corrupt and thus inept is because their members (cadres) are often reliant upon others for their daily livelihood. This problem has to be tackled at its roots. That is why any 21st century relevant political force has to make sure its members become self-reliant by being entrepreneurial or self-employed, or simply employed. This way, the party members do not have to compromise on their ideals and values because of their family’s livelihood concerns!
  7. Values based: A political force will still survive even if there are sharply differing views, policies or working styles between its members. But it shall self-destruct if its members don’t carry within themselves the same values of the institution! In order to always stay on the right path, this power has to provoke its members to live up to its core values.
  8. Meritocratic leadership building system: It consistently trains and produces leaders who not only know how to get elected but also how to consistently deliver once they are in the government. The leaders produced will be skilled at creating win-win environments. Their contributions are calculated on the basis of their merits and judged using scientific performance measurement systems.
  9. Transparent: It will be a model of transparency for others. From fund-collection to expenses to decisions, it will inject transparency into every level of its system.
  10. Regular leadership change (regular power fluidity): In the end, absolute power and position corrupts absolutely. That is why an alternate political force has to build a system that regularly and consistently filters its leadership.
  11. Youth centric: Youths will make the bulk of this political force. And thus it will be led by youthful leadership who will enthusiastically spread its core values to all corners.
  12. Marathon runners:  It does not run like a hundred meter sprinter, but more so as a relay marathon runner in any agenda it takes up. In Nepal, only such power will win which is not overtly opportunisitic but actually spends more time to persistently builds enough stamina to outlast everyone else in the work it handles.

You might ask, would such a political force succeed? Using these ideals, we ran in Nepal’s 2nd constitution assembly elections in the November of 2013, in 4 tough test areas in Kathmandu The constitutencies 1, 4,5 and 8 where we ran were one of the toughest because we were up against political heavyweights of Nepal. In only a month-long shoestring campaign, We took the symbol of a “dog” securing a respectable 5th place out of 26 or more political parties in 2  test areas ( 6th and 7th in the other 2). In these test areas, we managed to prove ourselves as a force to be reckoned. Going forward, we have already reached more than 100,000 Nepalese from 73 districts out of 74 in Nepal and created an informal network in 25 different countries.

Because of these 21st century relevant leadership values we have incorporated in the past 2 years, we are now confident of this. The only forces that will lead this country in the future are going to be the ones that consistently create a win-win environment.

In conclusion, the end goal of any political force who wants to stay relevant in 21st century Nepal should be to build a peaceful, prosperous Nepal within our life-time. And the only ones to make sure this are those stacked with 21st century relevant leaders.

नेपालमा २१ औँ शताब्दी समय-सापेक्ष नेतृत्व बोकेको शक्ति कस्तो हुनेछ त?

Read in English here

गत केही महिना देखि संचार माध्यममा नेपालमा वैकल्पिक शक्तिको उदयको बारेमा विभिन्न चर्चा-परिचर्चा भयो। नेपाली समाजले भबिष्यको नेपालको नेतृत्व कस्तो हुने अपेक्षा गरेको छ भन्ने विषयलाई खोतालेका ती लेख र बहसले आगामी दिनहरुमा निकै महत्व राख्ने छ। नेपाली समाजलाई यस्ता लेख मार्फत झकझकाउने स्तम्भकारहरु प्रेरणाका पात्र हुनुहुन्छ जसका लागि सबै स्तम्भकारहरुलाई म धन्यवाद दिन चाहन्छु।

नागरिक पत्रिकामा पनि प्रकाशित भएको छ। यहाँ पढ्नुहोला

यसै विषयमा म वैकल्पिक शक्ति र २१ औँ शताब्दी समय-सापेक्ष नेतृत्व बनाउने अाधारहरु बारे अाफ्नो २ वर्ष लामो पृथक् अनुभव यहाँ थप्न चाहन्छु जसले गर्दा यस मुद्दालाई अझ वैधता दिन सक्छ।

दुई वर्ष अघि देशमा अस्थिरता र देशको नेतृत्वमा देखिएको दूरदर्शिताको कमी, इच्छाशक्तिको अभाव, खुट्टा तान्ने प्रवृति र चरम भ्रष्टाचार जस्ता कु-संस्कारबाट नेपालको राजनीति रुमल्लिरहेको बेला एकाएक पहिलो संविधान सभा विघटन भयो। यसले नेपाली राजनीतिमा अन्यौल मात्र नल्याएर आम नागरिकमै देशको नेतृत्व प्रति पहिले कहिलै नदेखिएको चरम वितृष्णा नै पैदा गर्यो। यो संविधानसभा विघटन भए लगत्तै सबैको मनमा एउटै प्रश्नले पोलिरहेको थियो “अब के गर्ने?”

यही मूल प्रश्न लिएर हामी समाजका विभिन्न पेशा र पृष्ठभूमिका नागरिकहरु मिली उत्तर खोज्न लाग्यौँ। लगातार २२ साता र लगभग १,००० जनासँगको प्रत्यक्ष तथा अप्रत्यक्ष अन्तरक्रियापछि समस्या राजनीतिक संस्कार मै रहेछ, त्यसैले सबभन्दा जरुरी यो देशमा राजनीतिक कु-संस्कार बदल्नु पर्छ र यस्तो अामूल परिवर्तन ल्याउन एउटा पृथक् राजनीतिक विकल्प दिएर मात्र सकिन्छ भन्ने निष्कर्ष निक्लियो। परिवर्तन राता रात नहुने र नया संस्कार जरैबाट सुरु गर्नु पर्ने स्थितिले नै एउटा २१औँ शताब्दी समय सापेक्ष सु-संस्कृत राजनीतिक शक्ति “विवेकशील नेपाली” को सुरुवाती जग बस्यो।

यो दुई वर्षमा ‘विवेकशील नेपाली’ बनाउँदा हामी भित्र मूल प्रश्न नै “२१ औँ शताब्दी समय-सापेक्ष नेतृत्व बोकेको शक्ति कस्तो हुने छ त” भन्ने थियो। हामीलाई विश्वास थियो कि यस मूल प्रश्नको उत्तर अात्मसात् गरी अघि बढे मात्र नेपालमा कुनै वैकल्पिक शक्ति दीर्घकालीन रुपमा टिक्न सक्नेछ। अब नेपालमा उदाउने वैकल्पिक शक्तिमा हुनुपर्ने २१ औँ शताब्दी समय सापेक्ष नेतृत्वका हामीले अौँल्याएका कम्तीमा पनि १२ आधारहरु तल उल्लेख गर्दछु।

  1. परिणाम-मुखी:  यो शक्तिले परिणाम-मुखी मूल्य मान्यतालाई अात्मसात् गर्ने माटो र समय-सापेक्ष परिवर्तनशील सिद्धान्त बोकेको हुनेछ । हामीले अौँल्याएका यस माटो र समयसापेक्ष सिद्धान्तले कम्तीमा पनि यी ८ सुं-संस्कारलाई आत्मसात् गरेको हुनेछ – दायित्त्वबोध, उत्तरदायित्व, संमृद्धि, सशक्तीकरण, स्वतन्त्रता, विविधता, सेवक सरकार र समय-सापेक्षता।
  2. मध्यम-मार्गी: यो शक्ति मध्यम मार्ग बाट चल्नेछ जसले एकातिर नागरिकलाई जिम्मेवार र अर्को तिर नेतृत्वलाई जवाफदेही बनाइराख्नेछ। नागरिकलाई संमृद्धिको संवाहक बनाएर सेवक सरकारले लोक कल्याणको निश्चितता दिन तिर धकेल्नेछ।
  3. नरम-पन्थी: नरम पन्थी (चरम पन्थी होइन), संवेदनशील र संयम विचार बोकेका नैतिकवान् नेतृत्वले नै यो देशलाई एकतामा बाँधी राख्न सक्नेछ। यो शक्तिले जहिल्यै फरक काम भन्दा पनि भएकै काम फरक ढंगले गर्ने चेष्टा गर्नेछ।
  4. समतामूलक संमृद्धि: यो शक्तिले नेपालमा समतामूलक (समान) संमृद्धिलाई मूल मुद्दा बनाई राजनीतिलाई लोक कल्याण मुलक अर्थतन्त्रमै केन्द्रित राख्नेछ।
  5. प्रणाली अाधारित: समस्या मान्छेमा होईन संस्कारमा हो। त्यसै भएर प्रभावकारी व्यक्तित्व भन्दा पनि यो शक्ति प्रभावकारी प्रणालीमा अाधारित रहनेछ। यो शक्तिको प्रभावकारी प्रणाली (संरचना) भित्र सरकारको जस्तै ३ निकाय हुन्छ- व्यवस्थापिका, कार्यपालिका र न्यायपालिका। उक्त शक्ति भित्रको व्यवस्थापिका चाहिँ वर्तमान राजनीतिक शक्ति जस्तै हुनेछ देश हाँक्न चाहने नेता र कार्यकर्ताले भरिएको। अनि यसको कार्यपालिका चाहिँ शक्ति हाँक्न चाहिने कुशल कर्मचारीतन्त्रले भरिएको हुनेछ। त्यसैगरी यो शक्ति भित्रको न्यायपालिकाले चाहिँ यसको मर्म र मूल्यमान्यतालाई जोगाउन नैतिकता र अनुशासित राख्ने शक्तिशाली दायित्व बोकेको हुनेछ। यी तीनै अंग स्वाधीन हुन्छन् र उनीहरुबीच नियन्त्रण र सन्तुलन कायम राखिएको हुनेछ जसले गर्दा यो शक्ति जवाफदेही, कुशल, सुंसंस्कृत र पारदर्शी रुपमा चल्न सक्नेछ ।
  6. आत्म-निर्भर कार्यकर्ता रहेको: नेपालमा राजनीतिक शक्तिहरु भ्रष्ट हुनुको एउटा मूल कारण तिनका कार्यकर्ताहरु परनिर्भर हुनु हो। यसलाई शुरुमै निमोठ्नु अत्यन्त जरुरी हुनेछ। अबको कुनै पनि वैकल्पिक शक्तिले हरेक सदस्यहरुलाई अनिवार्य रुपमा स्वरोजगार वा अवसर सृजना गर्ने दिशा तिर धकेल्नै पर्नेछ ताकि अरुको शरण वा प्रभावमा पटक पटक यसले अाफ्नो घुँडा टेक्नु नपरोस्।
  7. मूल्यमान्यतामा अडिग: यो शक्तिले अाफुलाई सु-संस्कृत राखी राख्न अाफ्ना हरेक सदस्यहरुलाई मूल्य मान्यतामा बाँच्न झक्झकाईराख्नेछ। दृष्टिकोण, निति वा कार्यशैलीमा सदष्यहरु बिच चरम बिभेद भए पनि शक्ति अघि बढ्छ तर यसले बोकेका मूल्य मान्यता सबै सदष्यले अात्मसात नगरे यो शक्ति विलिन हुदैँ जान्छ।
  8. नेतृत्व विकास गर्ने पद्दति: यो शक्तिले आफ्नो संगठन भित्र यस्तो सबल ‘नेतृत्व विकास प्रणाली’ विकास गरेको हुनेछ जसले लगातार बनाउदै गर्ने नेताहरु भित्र शक्तिमा पुग्ने मात्र होइन, पुगे पछि राष्ट्र र जनहितका काम गरी परिणाम देखाउने खुबीले भरिएको हुनेछ। यसले उत्पन्न गरेको नेताहरु जीत-हारको वातावरण होईन, जीत-जीतको वातावरण बनाउन निपुण हुनेछ्न्।
  9. पारदर्शी र योग्यतामुखी: अबको वैकल्पिक शक्तिले पारदर्शिता र योग्यतामुखी प्रणालीलाई भित्रैबाट अात्मसात् गरेको हुनेछ। चन्दाको श्रोत संकलन देखि चिया खर्चको विवरण सम्ममा  यसले पारदर्शिता लागू गरेको हुनेछ भने नेतृत्व बढुवामा योग्यतामुखी प्रणाली नै संस्थागत गरिएको हुनेछ।
  10. नियमित नेतृत्व फेरबदली: अन्तत: पद र शक्तिले सबैलाई भ्रष्ट बनाउँछ । तसर्थ, संगठनभित्र नेतृत्व नियमित समयान्तरमा परिवर्तन हुने संस्कार एकदम जरुरी छ। वैकल्पिक शक्तिले अाफु भित्र बनाएका प्रणालीले नेतृत्वलाई नियमित रुपमा फेरबदल गर्नेछ। २१औँ शताब्दीमा त्यागको तुलना परिणाम मुखी योगदानबाट गरिनेछ जसको वैज्ञानिक तरिकाले लेखाजोखा गरिएको हुनेछ ।
  11. युवा केन्द्रित: यो शक्तिको श्रोत र प्राथमिकता भनेकै युवा पिंढी हुन्। युवा र युवा ऊर्जा बोकेको नेतृत्वले यसको मान्यता र नयाँ राजनीतिक संस्कारलाई गाउँ गाउँ सम्म लैजाने छन् र नयाँ शक्तिको नेतृत्व आफै लिने छन्।
  12. म्याराथोन दौडाहा: अन्तत यो वैकल्पिक शक्ति १०० मिटर होइन, लामो रिले म्याराथोन दौडने मनसायले खडा भएको हुनेछ। नेपालमा त्यही शक्ति सफल हुनेछ जो कुनै कार्यमा लाग्दा अरुलाई उछिनी पहिलो भएर भन्दा पनि त्यसलाई सफल नतुल्याए सम्म अरु भन्दा पहिले थाक्नेछैन।

के यी २१ औँ शताब्दी समय-सापेक्ष नेतृत्वका आधारहरु हुँदैमा सफल भइन्छ त? सोध्नु होला। यही आधारहरु बोकी गत मंसिरको संविधान सभाको निर्वाचनमा हामीले निर्वाचन अायोगमा दल दर्ता भैनसकेको हुनाले काठमाडौँका चार क्षेत्र १,४,५ र ८ बाट चार स्वतन्त्र युवा उम्मेद्वार खडा गर्यौँ।  चारै जनाले स्वतन्त्र रुपमा कुकुर छाप लिएर कुल ३०६६ मतको सम्मानजनक नतिजा ल्यायौँ। एक महिना मात्रको चुनावी अभियानबाटै दुई क्षेत्रमा अहिलेका चार प्रमुख दल पछि पाँचौँ स्थान अोगट्न सफल भयौँ र यी ठाउंमा एउटा नयाँ शक्ति भएर अाफूलाई सावित गर्यौँ। यसरी अगाडि बढ्दै गर्दा ‘विवेकशील नेपाली’लाई अहिलेसम्म देश भित्र ७३ जिल्ला तथा देश बाहिर २५ मुलकमा भएका झण्डै १ लाख नेपाली नागरिकहरुले अपनाइसकेका छन्।

यिनै २१ औँ शताब्दी समय-सापेक्ष नेतृत्वका अाधारमा चल्दै आएको २ वर्ष लामो हाम्रो क्रियाकलापले हामीलाई विश्वास बढाएको छ कि नेपाल भित्र अब जीत-हारको होइन, जीत-जीतको वातावरण बनाउने शक्तिले नै नेतृत्व पाउनेछ। अन्त्यमा हामी वा कुनै पनि वर्तमान र भविष्यका राजनीतिक शक्तिको अौचित्य यौटै रहनुपर्नेछ – नेपाललाई शान्त र संमृद्ध बनाउने ‘हाम्रै कालमा’। यो हासिल गर्न सबभन्दा बढी तयार र बलियो शक्ति त्यो हुनेछ  जो २१ औँ शताब्दी समय-सापेक्ष नेतृत्वले भरिभराउ हुनेछ।

उज्वल थापा, अध्यक्ष
विवेकशील नेपाली
[email protected]

पीडिएफमा डाउनलोड गर्नुहोला यो लेख

12 of your inherent rights that come with responsibilities


I believe in:

  1. your right to speak up (silence kills)  along with your responsibility to know when to shut up (words can kill)

  2. your right to own anything  along with  your responsibility to take great care of all that you own.

  3. your right to your privacy along with your responsibility to be accountable to those who live around you

  4. your right to do any work along with your responsibility to bear consequences of your work.

  5. your right to keep what you reap along with your responsibility to share what you reap.

  6. your right to love anyone  along with your responsibility to love anything (environment, society) that protects you.

  7. your right to refuse to help an unjust government along with your responsibility to help install a just ‘servant’ government

  8. your right to bring life (or to die) at your will along with your responsibility to protect lives in peril or in despair

  9. your right to safeguard your life along with your responsibility to safeguard other’s lives .

  10. your right to follow your own thoughts, dreams or religion along with your responsibility to use your thoughts, will, philosophy or religion to unite…

  11. your right to live a life any way you want along with your responsibility to make a dent in the universe before you go away

  12. your right to be any nation’s citizen if you can prove your love for it along with your responsibility to keep on proving that you deserve to remain its citizen.


Every single one of our rights comes balanced with responsibilities! Are you ready to balance them? Are you ready to follow this ‘BibekSheel’ middle path?

Think about this the next time you take a step. Change begins with you.


नेपाली क्रिकेट टिमले नेपालका नेतालाई सिकाएका १० नेतृत्वका पाठ

नेपालका ‘नेता’हरुले हाम्रो क्रिकेट टिमबाट नेतृत्वको भरपूर पाठ सिक्नु छ! (Read in English)

नेपाली क्रिकेट टिमले हाम्रा नेतालाई के पाठ सिकाउदैँ छन् त?

  1. कसरी (सहि) ईतिहाँस रच्ने
  2. कसरी देशको महिमा बढाउने
  3. कसरी जीत-जीतको वातावरण तयार गर्ने
  4. कसरी नेपाली को तन-मन जिती राख्ने खेल जित्दा मात्र होईन हार्दा पनि
  5. कसरी मिलेरै लक्ष्य हासिँल गर्ने अाफु-अाफुबिच  जत्ति नि दुष्मनी वा महत्वकाङ्क्षा भए पनि
  6. कसरी न्यून श्रोतमा पनि अपार सफलता हाँसिल गर्ने
  7. कसरी नेतृत्व भनेको बोलेर होईन गरेर देखाउने हो
  8. कसरी योग्यतामुखी बाटो नै सफलता पाउने सर्वत्तम बाटो हो ( उनीहरु योग्यताको अाधारमा रोजिएका थिए न कि नाता, जात-भात, गुट, धन, पहुँच वा भनसुनको अाधारमा )
  9. कसरी युवा पिढि यो देशको भविष्य मात्र नभई, बर्तमान पनि हो
  10. कसरी नेपालीहरुलाई एक बनाए – ‘असम्भव’ नै सम्भव बन्न थाल्छ !

हाम्रो क्रिकेट टिमको उपलब्धि अघि म श्रद्धाले शीर झुँकाउछु!

हेर्नुहोस् कसरी हाम्रो नव-पुस्ताका नेपालीहरु हाम्रो हिरोहरुलाई स्वागत गरे बिमानस्थलमा ! जहिले पनि हामीले यस्तै सहयोग गरि राखौँ जब जब हाम्रो शीर ठाडो बनाई राख्छन् उनीहरुले!

र केहि महिना अघिको

Saying “We are doing our best” is not enough.

“It is no use saying, ‘We are doing our best.’ You have got to succeed in doing what is necessary.” (Winston Churchill)

  • Past 601′s excuse for not delivering has been ” We did our best.”
  • Present 601′s excuse for not delivering (yet); We are doing our best.”
  • Nepal Electricity Commission when asked for why continuing 12 hours a day and more electricity problem; ” We are doing our best.”
  • Nepal Government on why they can’t keep their promises after they  promise in just causes like “Adhikari couple case, Maina Sunuwar case, Sita Rai case, Sharada Bhusal jha and Dr Govinda Kc case” is that ” We are doing our best.”
  • Nepal Police can’t catch criminals who live freely. The usual reply, ” We are doing our best… “
  • Why is there no Truth and Reconciliation commision? “We are doing our best”
  • Why does Tribhuwan Airport Bathroom stink ?  “We are doing our best”.
  • Why Lazimpat-Budhanilkantha road is still not finished after 24 months ? “We are doing our best”.

“We are doing our best” is the enemy of “We did it”. It shows one’s incompetency. Be careful of one who makes this excuse.
Leadership = Character + “Competency”

 Leaders deliver ! (period)