Kathmandu Valley voted the most beautiful city in the world!

Version 1.0. नेपालीमा यहाँ पढ्नु होला



“Kathmandu Valley voted the most beautiful city in the world of 2030!” – Time Magazine.

Time magazine’s 2030 year-end cover page has just labeled Kathmandu Valley as the “Shining Pearl” of Asia! The world news media is abuzz with disbelief. “How could this city, shaken to the core by a terrible 7.8 magnitude earthquake in 2015, transform to such a beauty within 15 years? What is Kathmandu’s secret here?”

The magazine presents 10 convincing reasons from the world’s respected urban planners and city living legends who overwhelmingly voted, “Kathmandu Valley as the most beautiful city in the world in 2030.”

  1. Kathmandu: The servant government city.
  2. Kathmandu: A city of contradictions.
  3. Kathmandu: The greenest city in the world?
  4. Kathmandu: The living heritage city.
  5. Kathmandu: The ‘recycle it all’ city.
  6. Kathmandu: The city that never sleeps…
  7. Kathmandu: An energy+ city.
  8. Kathmandu: City of wanderlust.
  9. Kathmandu, A city of common-sense.
  10. Kathmandu, The start-up capital of Asia!


  1. Kathmandu: The servant government city.

“As I step into a local municipality (ward) office that, from the outside, looks distinctly 18th century aristocratic palace, carved in wood illustrating Nepali historical and mythological events, I am surprised to find myself entering a futuristic lobby adorned with beautiful paintings and sculptures representing Nepal’s various ethnic communities. Further along a big poster hangs on straight ahead “Democracy = Transparency.” Just a few steps further another one provokes, “Your Government, Your Servant. 

A ‘customer care’ officer greets me with a customary bow, ‘Namaste, How may I help you?’ There are no papers here. All essential processes from citizenship documents to marriage certificates to land taxes are all processed electronically. Housing checks and permits are scheduled online. After hearing my request he escorts and introduces me to the elected representative of the municipality..  She politely invites me to sit down and asks, “Would you like a cup of freshly brewed Nepali organic coffee while we look up the information you are interested in?”

In 2030, Kathmandu is world-renowned  for adopting the 21st century servant governmentmodel for accountability and transparent local governance. Regular local elections, efficient and inclusive local management of resources, disaster preparedness along with transparency and zero tolerance for corruption has led to a win-win partnership between citizens, businesses and the government. The local government officials offer quick hassle-free services with their ready use of information technology. Locals regularly seek and get information on their city’s governance through the simple yet powerful “Right to Information” act holding business, organization and local bodies accountable. Any information not delivered within 48 hours is addressed by Nepal’s swiftly implemented law. Citizen journalism has enhanced mainstream journalism. Public shunning and boycotting of corrupt people and their business/organizations have become social norms. Local taxes are transparently collection, managed and locally distributed by ingenious prioritizing such as online polling. Every tax rupee is directly tied to projects so that each local knows where and when her tax was spent.

This all began when a virtuous cycle was set in motion after that terrible earthquake in 2015 as an empowered citizenry started working together integrating technology, civic sense and youth volunteerism. This started a trend of efficient service of high quality from a reimagined public service system which was overwhelmingly populated  by young professionals trained on 21st century governance ideals and the appointment of locally elected leaders in key positions. The powerful autonomous government body, “Nepal Resurgence Board,” constituted in 2015 with its army of urban planners in Kathmandu, helped speed up reconstruction of policies and infrastructures in and around the valley.

Citizen’s Mantra: ‘My Government, My Servant!’

  1. Kathmandu: A city of contradictions.

As I step out of my galli (alley), I find myself walking on a colorful pavement in a neighborhood whose walls come alive with vibrant graffiti's. I could spend hours wandering here, as I see a range  of artistic expressions all the way from meticulous thanka-style spiritual paintings, beautiful sculptures to something that looks like an attempt by a five-year old… Each galli seems to personify the face of that neighborhood. In Kathmandu, I am often given directions to neighborhoods not by street addresses but by these unique landmarks and motifs which changes with each corner you turn! This city truly is a walking contradiction, a beautiful collage of diversity.”

Local municipalities (tole) of 2030 have built a tradition of citizens adopting each galli (alley) of the city. They all seem to be in an endless race to outdo each other to keep up a record of the best managed and designed roads, parks, public toilets, bus parks, cycle lanes and more; using the “adopt-a-tole” model. Communities take ownership of the immediate road (& public space) in front of them. They name, beautify, and support it themselves. The municipality’s autonomous infrastructure maintenance body works with the Mayor directly to help local community members build not just roads but  community infrastructures like parks and public toilets. The citizens have also taken responsibility for the greenery in their neighborhoods. By actively collaborating with their local municipality under the ‘servant government’ system, the public infrastructures are now 100% accessible to 100% of the citizens for 100% of the time. Kathmandu seems to have internalized the essence of chaos theory and its brilliant urban planners came up with a way to build a city, emulating the rules of organized chaos, making this an exciting city where no two places are alike. In fact Kathmandu prides itself on its contradictions.

Citizen’s Mantra: ‘My Neighborhood, My Responsibility!’

  1. Kathmandu: The greenest city in the world?

"As I step out of the airport, I am welcomed by gentle breeze and the fragrance of fresh-cut grass. I travel towards the city in  a taxi that runs on clean electricity. I roll down the windows to enjoy the roads abuzz with bicycles and pedestrians. I pass by many community parks where children are running around with their dogs. Clear, stylish, wearable technology responsive signboards are everywhere guiding you to the history and urban legends of the city. Those concrete or brick walls have long been replaced with trees and hedges. As I pass by, I can’t help notice that plants and trees seem to be integrated into building designs themselves. I come across the jewel of the city, the Central Park of Kathmandu (a stretch of greenery that connects the  former Royal palace grounds  all the way to the Dasharath Stadium).
I step out and walk around. In this vastness, young people are immersed in making music, girls are jogging, a rap battle going on steps away and further along people playing cricket, football and more. Family of three generations are on a cozy picnic under massive trees. A flock of birds make their way through the blue skies. It makes any outsider wonder, “Why can’t my city be like this?”

Starting from 2015, Kathmandu started turning all its open spaces into self-sustainable, accessible green spaces and ponds while converting all the hills around the valley into national parks and wildlife reserves. By 2030, it held the distinguished reputation of being the greenest city of the world. This has enabled students, children, and the elderly to relax, play and enjoy nature to the fullest. Open spaces around spiritual places like Pashupati,  Swayambhu, Changu Narayan, Boudha, Basantapur, Patan and Bhaktapur now have clean, elegant, vibrant  gardens and ponds. “Plant a tree before you die” ethos has helped reduce pollution turning Kathmandu into a beautiful, livable tranquil abode. The former royal palace ground is linked to Rani Pokhari, Tudikhel and Dasarath Stadium becoming a humongous lush green park for the city of Kathmandu to relish, rivaling that of New York’s Central Park.

Kathmandu in 2030 holds the distinction of being among the most bicycle-friendly city of the world and brands itself as a bicycle-preferred city. There are dedicated disability, walking and cycle friendly lanes on all major roadways and galli’. There is even a special tax rebate for those who decide not to own fossil fuel vehicles.  By 2030, Kathmandu has set a global example by allowing alternative energy public vehicles to become the primary means of transportation on and below the streets of Kathmandu. Real-estate builders are given tax breaks to build ‘green plus energy homes’ and penalized for making energy negative buildings and infrastructure. Quality of air/water (environment) has become a fundamental human right of utmost  political importance. Since leadership is penalized during elections depending on the air pollution index, authorities are particularly sensitive to any deterioration on its globally adapted environmental KTM-2100 Protocol. Many Kathmandu folks work from their homes or nearby cafes and parks. Pedaling, walking or public transport make for the bulk of transportation in this city which has just been voted as the world’s most breathable city. The banks along the twin rivers of Bagmati and Bishnumati are a popular space for hanging out, pedaling, leisurely drives and a bird lover’s heaven! All this has enabled Kathmandu arguably as the greenest city in the world.

Citizen’s Mantra: ‘Mirror mirror on the wall, who is the greenest city of them all?’

  1. Kathmandu: The living heritage city.

“Making my way through the narrow alleys, I chance upon small temples and monuments in every corner, some filled with erotic, wooden sculptures, others with intricate metal carvings on doors that simply blows my mind. One can never be certain what wonders the very next turn might hold for you. The evolution of centuries of work, molding with the state of the art technologies of the day, makes this a sight for me to comprehend. Add the warm smile lighting up on the faces of every Nepali I meet, tells me that this smiley city is singularly content."

What city boasts a thousand Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, Jain, Christian, Sikh temples within breathing distance from each other? Furthermore Kathmandu folks have rediscovered their own brand of spirituality by rediscovering their calling to “treat guests as god!” Kathmandu is an enlightened city of tolerance where major religious and spiritual practices are intricately interwoven not just in people’s minds and lives but also in every aspect of the city’s planning. Since that terrible quake in 2015, Kathmandu folks have re-discovered their commitment to build a monument for each family member that departs. This has made Kathmandu a city of a thousand temples whose stories are told to the children in far corners of the world!

One strong reason for Kathmandu valley to regain such glory has been the fact that its citizens decided to not just rebuild the heritage destroyed by the 2015 quake, but went one step further by rediscovering their burning talent as architects, creators and builders. Kathmandu’s heritage has been its collection of 1,000+ year of amazing architecture, history, fusion of 100+ ethnic cultures, life-lessons based on simplicity, trade, creativity, communal living, and local ingenuity. Add to this, the new found obsession of the post-earthquake generation to outmatch the creativity of the past. Buildings in Kathmandu are only permitted to be built/retained if they pass the strict and holistic KTM-9 building codes (designed to withstand 9 richter scale).

Kathmandu is a mega-city that is constantly shaped and reshaped by competing townships (municipalities) within it, that continuously try to outdo each other on style and innovation, while never straying from that common value, “you reap what you sow.”

Kathmandu folks have finally learnt from their past to not just keep but also to evolve and enhance their heritage. The current generation, aptly named “the bridge-builders” took up the challenge 15 years ago to be the ones to march Kathmandu to become an actively mutating heritage city the world has come to hold in awe. The decade old “Nepal Living Heritage University” has pioneered a disruptive education system that brings Nepalis and students from around the world to experiment on holistic living, planning and engineering. Based on the lessons learned from that terrible 2015 earthquake, they have gone on to build a unique disaster resistant urban planning model (a hybrid of the rich heritage of the valley and modern style).  They are exporting this interdisciplinary knowledge around the world like their ancient hero “Araniko” did in the 13th Century.

Citizen’s Mantra: ‘(Leave behind) a monument of love before you die.’

  1. Kathmandu: The ‘recycle it all’ city

"As I step out of a heritage boutique homestay I rented in Bungmati, a green notification on my device informed me that I had received money back for the waste I had recycled for the month. It gave me my three preferred options: add it to my bank account, donate it evenly to the 3 causes I love or invest it all in a government owned “Nepal resurgence fund” that is building a mega infrastructure project designed to create a million jobs over the course of next 5 years.”

By  working with entrepreneurs, Kathmandu has figured out how to recycle, reuse and turn (any) waste and even generate profits. Locals generate money out of their own waste. Household items are encouraged to be sold, bartered or rented out. Online-offline auction melas (sites) remain popular sites for many Kathmandu citizens to hang-out. Each year, Kathmandu hosts an annual “Recycle it all’ challenge for the world’s best innovators.

Garden and roof-top farming has thrived thanks to the household practice of using their own organic waste and waste water from the kitchen and rainwater/dew water harvesting is the primary supply for drinking water. Folks use their (reusable) safety tanks instead of pumping their waste to the sewage systems which have long gone dry.

Citizen’s Mantra: ‘You reap what you throw!

  1. Kathmandu: The city that never sleeps…

“At 10 in the evening, I get a message from a friend to meet her in the old city to discuss an exciting idea she wants to pursue in a possible venture. I step out on a brightly lit street in Lazimpat, and decide to walk comfortably through  alleys. Citizen-run ‘Neighborhood watches’  ensures that you feel secure in their area. I chance upon few kids drawing graffiti on the streets and a bicycle police casually stops by to give the kids tips on how to improve their work-in-progress. I pass through the night markets at Ason and revel at the sight of locals and tourists bargaining, recreating a scene that probably goes back centuries. I check out a new alley that promises a shortcut to where I want to go. A young woman comes jogging out of a narrow alley and smiles as she passes by. I google her face. I am ‘pretty’ sure she is doing the same on me!”

If you think Kathmandu of 2030 is beautiful at day, dare I say it’s even more beautiful at night. Every corner of this city is reachable within a thirty minute drive. Kathmandu is blessed with beautiful weather throughout the year. By 2016, Kathmandu folks learned it was just plain stupid to close down their energetic city by 8 in the evening so they started to invest in rapid public transport systems (elegantly adapted and improved from what they saw in Bogota, Colombia). This now runs 24/7 and 365 days a year, getting rid of traffic congestions while ensuring safe, convenient and reliable transportation options for all. This was a win-win situation for the local, the tourist, the small entrepreneur, the street vendor, the street-side cafes, the taxis and the youths. A city that is awake all the time, reverberates with more ideas and innovation, infusing creativity into our culture once more. A 24-hour open city has created a separate brand of Kathmandu as a youthful, friendly, safe, business-friendly city full of positive vibes.  Families regularly enjoy their moments at the well-lit ‘spiritual’ parks while a happening night-life exists just a block away. Ask any citizen anything and they jump to “guide” you to a solution, a token example of the legendary warmth and generosity Nepalis are known for. Is this the reason Kathmandu repeatedly comes on as one of the top 10 places to disappear for a few days.

Citizen’s Mantra: ‘My City:  Active, Alive, Always!’


  1. Kathmandu: An energy+ city.

“As I walk back home from my office in Bhaktapur, I am notified of an increase in my bank balance. I am in for a nice surprise. I had just earned enough from my sale of surplus solar energy to afford for a quiet dinner with my family at that elegant restaurant along the brightly lit banks of Bagmati as planned.”

Who would have thought just 15 years ago, a city with no electricity for up to 16 hours a day would transform into an energy plus city glowing with surplus “clean energy.” A critical mass of Kathmandu folks in early 2015 decided that they had an alternate source they could tap into: abundant solar energy.  With strong sunshine almost all year round, Kathmandu is a fertile ground for solar energy. Harnessing this power that shines for almost 12 hours a day has turned each house into electricity producers and a surplus seller. Energy conservation remains a top priority as citizens still remember those ‘loadshedding’ yester-years and their responsibility to mitigate the global warming menace that is battering coastal and mountain cities around the world. They have decreed that all electrical products have to pass the strict ‘KTM-2100-Green” standards or else the businesses are ‘socially’ boycotted. Clean energy and energy conscious citizens duly transformed Kathmandu into an energy hip, energy rich, positively energized city!

Citizen’s Mantra: ‘Bright tole, enlightened soul.


  1. Kathmandu: City of wanderlust.

“As I wander around aimless in my newly bought ‘hatti chaap’ branded shoes, I feel a sudden rush of wanderlust. I wander around the city allowing my eyes to feast upon the surprises at each turn. Time loses its meaning as my brain is mesmerized by the strong emotions evoked by Kathmandu’s alley ways and the crisp blue skies above. The myriads of intriguing  cultures keeps me raw and alive! Imagine a shaman’s shop right next door to a doctor’s office. Finest arabica coffee shops tucked inside 100 year old mansions. During my  week long vacation, I have made it a point to lose myself by wandering back in time in the interiors of  the three historic cities of Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur. Then, off I travel to the exteriors of the valley’s lush green hills, hopping from one village to another while taking in the sights of the majestic Himalayas to the north.”

With its year-round fantastic weather, Kathmandu is a haven for any wanderlust. With its stimulating, serpentine alleys, back streets full of blast from the past, and welcoming cafes around each corner, Kathmandu has become THE perfect place to lose yourself. In-fact ‘wanderlust’ (losing yourself in aimless wandering) has become ‘THE thing to do’ for travelers from all around the world. From wandering off to the towering 2,000 meter lush green mountains (locals call them ‘hills’) around the valley to watching the tallest mountains of the world and strolling by the centuries-old architecture and culture, Kathmandu has become all about pausing and rewinding yourself in this “distracted-fast forwarding” world, a city of wanderlust.”

Citizen’s Mantra: ‘Wander in Kathmandu to find yourself.


  1. Kathmandu: A city of common sense.

“A city filled with common sense? Really? Just 15 years ago when I walked in this very city, bandhs (forced strikes) had been a regular abomination. A city that would be shut down on the whim of a politician, a thug or a few rowdy locals, with tens of thousands of demoralized police helplessly watching as mobs ran rampant. Who would have thought common sense would again prevail in Kathmandu? I look around today.This city is now open, humble, safe and inviting! It seems, Common-sense prevails on and off the streets.”

After the earthquake in 2015, citizens adopted a zero-tolerance policy against Bandhs and started actively supporting local police and youth groups to make sure all of Kathmandu Valley to be a bandh-free zones. Political forces which encouraged bandhas were taught a painful lessons in the elections. Common-sense charters popped up in neighborhoods making a new social norm that focused on social ostracizing for all who dare to stray. Humility, empathy, civic sense and integrity remains the corner-stone of a set of ‘common-sense’ values practiced by every citizen here and taught to every child. “Common-sense education” seems to be the cornerstone of education in all primary schools improved upon by “civic-sense education” system in secondary schools in Kathmandu. People of all genders and age feel safe and dignified to go about their daily business, anywhere and anytime because they know that common sense prevails all around.

Citizen’s mantra: ‘Common sense IS common (in Kathmandu)  


  1. Kathmandu, the start-up capital of Asia!

As I step inside a cafe recommended by a friend, I see photo frames of handshakes and hugs between renowned artists-innovators-investors on the walls. I have been told this cafe has turned many crazy ideas into a prosperity generating engines. Positivity is in the air. The locals and the foreigners here seem to be talking about ideas, plans, dreams and teams. Language doesn’t seem to be a barrier as I must have heard at least 10 different languages in the last 10 minutes! I can’t help feel that I have come to the right place to infuse myself with ‘positivity’ and ‘passion’.

In 2030, entrepreneurship seems to be in everyone’s DNA in Kathmandu. The catastrophic earthquake of 2015 transformed a whole generation of Nepalis to be crisis managers, impulsive risk-takers and passionate doers. Empowering youths to innovate has been critical to injecting ‘vibrancy’ into Kathmandu. Localized, decentralized and effective and a million mentors strong network of ‘Entrepreneurs for Nepal built over the last 20 years has ensured a credible entrepreneurial ecosystems providing Nepali & Nepal centric entrepreneurs with the knowledge, skills, and networks necessary to start and expand businesses. Local mentoring clubs in Kathmandu regularly match local youths with elders to shape their future. Venture funds, angel investors, impact funds and global community with ideas and guts have all poured into the city to tap into local talents. Innovation, competition and disruption is the name of the game! The explosion of this start-up culture has made Kathmandu into the “start-up” capital of Asia.

Citizen’s mantra: ‘Start-up, scale up, invest on or die trying

As I finish reading Time magazine article in the year 2030, I am still struck by this city’s remarkable transformation.  A news alert beeps on my device, “...In other news, Paris has just announced its plans to get technical support from  Kathmandu to revamp its city life.”



I would like to hear “your ideas” for building Kathmandu the most beautiful city in the world. Please post your thoughts below. Thank you BibekSheel Nepali Vision team and Srijana Chhetri, Sagar Onta, Raj Maharjan, Krishna Chhetri, Jagannath Kafle and more for helping.

The “North-South” Doctrine: 21st century relevant foreign policy to build a prosperous Nepal by 2050

“By 2050 A.D, a “poor” Nepal will not survive between the two most prosperous, powerful nations on Earth.

To ‘exist’, Nepal must transform into a prosperous nation by then.”


नेपालीमा पढ्नु होला यहाँ  

Nepal center of the world map

By 2050 AD, Nepal’s northern neighbor China is projected to be the most prosperous nation in the world and India in the south is expected to become the 3rd most prosperous. Hence Nepal in between them, has an existential crisis and at the same time an immense opportunity.

Throughout its history, Nepal has delicately and pragmatically dealt with India and China to preserve its sovereignty. All successful nations tie their foreign policy closely with building their own prosperity by focusing on interdependence, multi-alliances and by responding (as opposed to reacting). On the contrary, since the last 20th century Nepal’s foreign policy has been a contradiction, swinging wildly between dependency and reactionary. Nepal’s various rulers in this last century invited multiple direct-indirect foreign interference that has worked against Nepal’s prosperity. The fuel supply crunch in 2015 has freshly served a stark reminder the painful consequences of decades of neglect in our foreign relations. Nepal is today a painfully dependent, unstable and desperately poor nation in an powerful neighborhood.

We acknowledge the painful situation where our two giant neighbors pose a clear and present danger to our sovereignty if Nepal does not transform into a prosperous nation along with them in the near future. Therefore Nepal’s foreign policy has to be persistently guided by the reality that,

“Within 2050, Nepal has to become a prosperous nation.”

To achieve this, Nepal should engage in a continuously evolving “interdependent” prosperity building, delicately balanced relationship with its two big neighbors. For this, we propose a holistic North-South doctrine” for Nepal.

The “North-South doctrine” envisions building:

  1. Perception of Nepal as at “the center of the world.”
  2. Interdependent economic relationship between Nepal, India and China.
  3. Bridge builder role of Nepal between its two neighbors.
  4. Protecting neighborhood to strengthen internal security.
  5. Holistic Cross-border cultural understandings.

The North South Doctrine


  • “The center of the world” (Build this perception of Nepal)
  1. Nepal has to create a brand and perception that it is at the center of the world because of its strategic geo-location between the giant economies, China and India. Why? By 2050 AD the global center of gravity will shift to this region, and Nepal happens to be right in the center of all this.
  2. Outside Nepal, to build this perception, Nepal uses this metaphor, “Center of the World” on its diplomatic channels and encourages travelers and migrants, students studying overseas to use this analogy. Through subtle diplomacy we influence Chinese and Indians to think of our region as the center of the world.
  3. Inside Nepal, we persistently inject this terminology onto our citizen’s psyche through our leadership, education system, literature and media.


  • Interdependent economy:
  1. Nepal is a bridge between India and China. It ensures smooth, safe zone, a cushion, a transition from one super-power to another super-power that compete fiercely yet need to collaborate closely to stay superpowers.
  2. Nepal is a transit, a hub for both Indian and Chinese businesses. To ensure this, Nepal sets up frameworks to make sure it acts as a smooth transition for its two neighbors to do ‘fair trade’ with each other.
  3. Nepal is a free trade zone. A North-South Arbitration Court resolves inter country economic disputes conflicts swiftly.
  4. Nepal is a ‘generous neighbor’. Chinese and Indian nationals are free to set up business in Nepal and own property as long as they run a profitable business for 5+ years in Nepal.
  5. Nepal serves strategic highly sought after agricultural needs of India and China such as herbs and crops that grow specifically only in geography like Nepal’s.
  6. A new mega-infrastructure financial institution called the North-South Bank set up with ⅓ stake of Nepal, India and China. This bank invests in billion + dollar projects focusing on “water” and clean energy resources along with “mega-infrastructure’ projects that builds China and India’s prosperity through Nepal.
    1. Initial focus on Fast Track highways / Electric Rail line (linking China border of Nepal to India border of Nepal in at least five strategic places ( Far West, Mid West , West, Central, East).
    2. Radically improve connectivity with other SAARC countries.
    3. Transition from fossil fuel to clean energy based infrastructures.
  • “Bridge-builder” (between India and China)
  1. Nepal is an effective buffer state between China and India.
  2. Nepal is a facilitator, dialogue builder between India and China to improve relations that brings these two countries closer.
    1. North-South doctrine dictates that on matters of any international dispute between India and China, Nepal enacts as top priority, ‘North-South Center’ to continuously foster dialogue between the two great neighbors.
    2. Nepal builds itself as a spiritual resource center for 1 billion Hindus and nearly a half a billion Buddhists. It incorporates the policy of ‘empathy uniting humanity’:
    3. It builds spiritual centers all across Nepal, connecting these with Indian and Chinese spiritual centers to spread its values.
  • Protecting Neighborhood to strengthen security within.
    1. Nepal is multi-aligned with India and China. It does not interfere at anything that hampers equitable prosperity in India and China.
    2. Nepal establishes a disaster security zones in the West, Center and East of Nepal where at least a year long supply of strategic security materials like food, energy, equipment, transport and medicine are stored in a high seismic-resistant stable facilities that will immediately respond to worst disasters in the sphere of Southern Tibet, Nepal, North-East and North-West states of India.
    3. Nepal has an open but monitored border (through technology) ensuring hassle-free trade and movement for both India and China.
      1. Mutually agreed Smart identification systems incorporated to make sure Indian/Nepali/chinese citizens and transport can pass through borders hassle-free.
    4. Nepal shares vital neighborhood security information transparently with its neighbors to help secure India and China’s internal security.
      1. Nepal has zero tolerance policy for anyone using Nepal for purposes of terrorism in either India or China. Nepal installs fast track courts to process extradition, addressing  terrorism and violent hate activities against India or China.
      2. Nepal has an active joint counter-terrorism task forces with its neighbors.
    5. In world matters, Nepal (multi) aligns in the interest of Nepali, Indian and Chinese citizens. Nepal practices the policy of “peacekeeping through peacekeepers”. It ensures its security forces transition to UN peacekeeping forces committing majority of its total forces towards international peacekeeping duties by 2030.
    6. Nepal pledges to use its strategic resource, water in the interest of its citizens without hampering the interests of the citizens across the borders. It remains generous and empathetic in its use of water for the security of its neighbors too.
  • Cross-border cultural understanding (to gain influence).
    1. Nepal is a ‘zone of spirituality’ by adopting a policy of “empathy through unity” to influence its immediate neighbors..
    2. Nepal runs a broad think-tank and dialogue center, the “North-South Center” to bring Nepali, Indian and Chinese social, political and economic leaders to better understand and work with each other to create a win-win situation.
    3. Nepal enhances its spiritual tourism as a strategy to bring Indians and Chinese to empathize with Nepali way of life and enhance it’s “guests as gods” policy. For this . It builds centers for cross-cultural understanding by rehabilitating mind and body of Chinese and Indians.
    4. A North-South university in Nepal along with Satellite centers in China and India focuses on teaching interdisciplinary studies building creativity around the working together of 3 distinct cultures and myriads of sub-cultures.
    5. Mandarin, Hindi and English are also incorporated in classrooms to to better communicate and understand both our neighbor’s culture and people, giving us an edge to influence positively. Nepal strives to become officially a quadrilingual nation (where citizens speak at least 4 languages).



Fruitful implementation of any policy of a nation is dependent on the ethical delivery of politics by its leaders. The North-South doctrine shall evolve according to the challenges of the future but will remain focused on building a prosperous Nepal and a prosperous neighborhood. We envision all foreign relations of Nepal in the next four decades to go through a “one door” policy which all political forces, bureaucracy and planners shall follow through.


This is a general ‘outline’ of a 21st century relevant foreign policy for Nepal. We hope to build detailed foreign policy paper based on this. This should explain why and how the North-South Doctrine will make Nepal a sovereign and prosperous nation within 2050 A.D. If you also want to help us make a detailed foreign policy, we would love your help. Please email us with your area of expertise and any suggestions at [email protected]

Thank you.

Ujwal Thapa

BibekSheel Nepali Party



कस्तो सिद्धान्तले २१ औं शताब्दीमा संमृद्ध नेपाल बनाउने शक्ति हाँक्नेछ?

ideology image pragmatic reforms

विवेकशील नेपालीको अध्ययन टोलीले दलको आरम्भ अगावै देखि नै ‘नेपालीको सपना के हो र त्यो कसरी हासिल हुन्छ?’ भन्ने प्रश्नको सेरोफेरोमा काम गर्दै अाएको छ। हामीले हिमाल देखि पहाड र फाँट सर्वत्र फैलिएका घरआँगन चहार्यौँ र विविध क्षेत्रका मानिसहरुको राय लियौँ। मुलुकबाहिर रहेका नेपालीहरुसंग पनि परामर्श गर्यौँ र तत्-पश्चात एउटा निचोडमा पुग्यौं।

विभिन्न अाम मानिससँगको उठबस, भलाकुसारी, बहस, छलफलले के देखायो भने नागरिक, समाज र राज्य बीचको अन्तरसम्बन्धले नै देशको विगत, वर्तमान र भविष्य निश्चित गर्दोरहेछ। अर्थात् नागरिक, समाज र राज्यबीच अन्तरनिर्भरता हुन्छ र यी एक अर्काका परिपूरक हुन्छ। जति पनि राष्ट्रहरुले विकासमा फड्को मारेका छन्, तिनमा यी तीनै शक्ति बीच सहकार्य, सहअस्तित्व र सन्तुलन हुन्छ। जुन राष्ट्र पिछडिएका छन् त्यहाँका नागरिक, समाज र राज्यबीच पर्याप्त सहकार्य, सहअस्तित्व र सन्तुलन हुदैन।  विडम्बनाको कुरो, पछिल्ला केही शताब्दीमा हाम्रो नेपाल अाफै पिछडिएका राष्ट्रको उदाहरण बनेको छ।

जब नेपाली समाजले ठीक र बेठीक नछुट्याई देखावटी अल्पकालीन हितलाई प्राथमिकता दिन्छ तब समाजमा सत्य र असत्य, ठीक र बेठीक बीच अन्तर बढ्दै जान्छ। समाजले यदि सामाजिक हितभन्दा व्यक्तिगत हितलाई मात्र प्राथमिकता दिन्छ भने त्यो समाजका अधिकांश सदस्यले त्यही बाटो रोज्छन् जसले गर्दा व्यक्तिमा छिटो भन्दा छिटो अाफु मात्र शक्तिशाली बन्न सकियोस्। यो होडबाजीले गर्दा धेरै नागरिक इमान्दारको तारिफ भन्दा भ्रष्टहरुलाई फूलमाला लगाउन तर्फ लाग्छन्, जस अनुरुप समाजबाट इमान्दार विस्थापित हुन्छन् अनि बेइमानको बोलवाला हुन थाल्छ। अन्तत: समाज सु-संस्कार विहीन यथास्थितिवादी भीड बन्न पुग्छ।

अहिले नेपाली नागरिक अाफै आफ्नो भविष्यको बारेमा अस्पष्ट छ किनकि उसको जीवन रोजीरोटी कै भूमरीमा फंसेको छ। पानी, बिजुली, शिक्षा, सुरक्षा, जागिर जस्ता आधारभूत आवश्यकताकै सेरोफेरो र प्रशासनिक हण्डर खाँदाखाँदा उ गलेको छ जसका कारण समाज र राज्यप्रति उसमा चरम वितृष्णा जागेको छ। त्यसैले उ अाफ्नो नागरिक दायित्वबाट टाढिएको छ। बर्तमान बेथिति त बिगतको पुस्ताले गर्दा हो यसलाई उसले नै किन सफा गर्नु पर्ने भन्ने जस्ता मानसिकता दृढ भएर गएको छ। त्यसैले बाध्यतावश उसले परिवर्तन होइन पलायनको बाटो रोज्नै परेको महशुस गर्छ।

राज्य, जसलाई सरकारको आवरणमा राजनीतिक दलले प्रतिनिधित्व गर्ने गर्छ, अहिले उ समाज र नागरिकको होइन अाफ्नै नेतृत्ववर्गको हित मात्र सोच्छ। राज्यलाई जवाफदेही र जिम्मेवार बनाउने कार्य न समाजले गरेको छ न त नागरिकले नै। धेरै नागरिकले सुझबुझ भएर होइन कि व्यक्तिगत पहुँच, स्वार्थ पूर्ण लेन देन को सम्बन्ध र लहै-लहैमा मतदान गर्दछन। राज्यले चाहेर पनि राम्रो शासन गर्न सक्दैन किनकि समाज र नागरिकले जानेर या नजानेर अधिकांश बेइमान र असक्षमलाई नै राज्य चलाउने ठाउँमा पुर्याएका हुन्छन्।

केही व्यक्तिको गलत निर्णयमा धेरै व्यक्ति मौन रहे भने सामाजमा नकारात्मक मूल्य-मान्यता स्थापित हुन्छ। सो नकारात्मक मूल्य-मान्यताले समग्रमा गलत नजिर स्थापित गर्छ र राज्य संचालनमा सकारात्मक भन्दा नकारात्मक व्यक्ति पुग्छन् अनि नराम्रा निर्णय नै गर्छन्। अन्तत: नराम्रा निर्णयका नराम्रा परिणाम फेरि स्वयं नागरिक र समाजले नै भोग्छ र यो चक्रव्यूह कसैले भंग नगरेसम्म चली नै रहन्छ।

अबको बाटो:

राज्यले नागरिक र समाजको कुनै पनि माग सम्बोधन गर्दा सर्वप्रथम यी दुई बीच सह-अस्तित्व, सन्तुलन र सहकार्य चाहिन्छ। नागरिक र समाजबीच अटुट अन्तरसम्बन्ध छ। केही नागरिक सक्षम भएर मात्रै समग्र समाज सक्षम बन्दैन। अनि समाज सक्षम बन्दैमा सबै नागरिक सफल हुन्छन् भन्ने पनि कदापि होइन। यस्तो अवस्थामा दुबैको हित गर्न राज्य वा अर्को शब्दमा सरकारले यस्तो अवधारणा विकास गर्छ जसमा नागरिक र समाज दुबै समेटिनछ र सहयोगी हुनेछ। मूलत: यस्तो अवधारणा राजनीतिक दलहरुले नै प्रस्तुत गरेर त्यसै बमोजिम काम गर्न सरकारको नेतृत्व गर्ने गर्छन्।

संमृद्ध नेपाल बनाउने क्रममा राज्यले नागरिक र समाज दुबैको हितलाई सन्तुलित र सुधारोन्मुख तरिकाले अगाडि बढाउनै पर्छ। समय अनुसार आउने नयाँ विचार र व्यवहारका कारण समाज र नागरिक सदैव परिवर्तनशील छन्। उदाहरण, केहि दशक अगाडी सम्म अधिकांश नेपालीको सोच र चिन्तनलाई घरका मुली, शास्त्रीय अनि धार्मिक कुराहरुले नियन्त्रण गर्दथ्यो। आज परिस्थति बदलिएको छ बिश्व एउटै विशाल गाउँ बन्दै गई रहेको परिपेक्षमा हाम्रा अपेक्षा, क्रियाकलाप र विचारलाई संसारका बिभिन्न अर्थतन्त्र, वातावरण, अवसर जस्ता बिबिध परिवेश ले नियन्त्रण गरि रहेको छ। यहि क्रममा राज्य पनि परिबर्तित हुन्छ र आफुलाई समाज र नागरिकका अपेक्षा र विचार संग मिल्दो जुल्दो रुपमा प्रस्तुत गर्दै जान्छ। यहि तरिकाले राज्यद्वारा नागरिक र समाज बीचको सहकार्य, सह-अस्तित्व र सन्तुलन प्रयोगमा ल्याउँछ।

२१ वौँ शताव्दी सापेक्ष सिद्धान्त

विवेकशील नेपालीले राज्यले जन अपेक्षा अनुरुपको समय सापेक्ष भूमिका अवलम्बन गर्दै राष्ट्रलाई शान्त र समृद्ध बनाउन नागरिक र समाज दुबैलाई बिकासको पर्याप्त अवसर दिनुपर्छ भन्ने मान्यता राख्दछ। यसमा राज्यको भूमिका समन्वयकारी र सहयोगी हुन्छ। शान्त र संमृद्ध नेपाल बनाउने उद्देश्य हासिल गर्न राज्यले सुधारमा आधारित मध्यममार्ग अवलम्बन गर्नुपर्छ।

ideology image pragmatic reforms

  1. राज्य नागरिकहरूको पूर्ण सहभागितामा आधारित जन-उत्तरदायी लोकतान्त्रिक शासन प्रणालीमा प्रतिबद्ध रहन्छ।
  2. राज्य नागरिक सर्वोच्चतामा अडिग कानुनी राष्ट्र (समाज) बनाउन प्रयासरत रहन्छ।
  3. राज्यले व्यक्तिगत स्वतन्त्रताको प्रत्याभूति गर्दै सामाजिक कल्याणबाट निर्देशित हुन्छ।
  4. राज्यले समाजलाई संमृद्ध बनाउने कार्ययोजना अन्तर्गत हरेक व्यक्तिलाई अवसरमा समान पहुँच दिलाउँछ।
  5. राज्यले समाजको माध्यमद्वारा नागरिकलाई जिम्मेवार बनाउने प्रणाली चलाउँछ र नागरिकको माध्यमद्वारा समाजलाई जवाफदेही बनाउँछ।
  6. समाजले नागरिकको विकासमा सहयोग र राज्यको विकासमा नियन्त्रणकारी भूमिका खेल्छ भने नागरिकले राज्य चलाउने नेतृत्वको सही चयनद्वारा समाजलाई नियन्त्रणमा राख्दछ।
  7. राज्यले सु-संस्कृत राजनीतिक व्यवहारको संस्कार आरम्भ गर्दछ। राज्यको राजनीतिक चिन्तनलाई नैतिक तवरले व्यवहारमा उतार्नको लागी समाज र व्यक्तिले निगरानी गरिराख्छ।


हाम्रो खोज र प्रयोगबाट निस्केको नेपाली नागरिक र समाज बीच सन्तुलन, सहअस्तित्व र सहकार्यद्वारा शासन चलाउने ‘मध्यम-मार्गी’ शिद्धान्तलाई हामीले “समयसापेक्ष सुधारमार्ग’ नामाकरण गरेका छौँ। समयसापेक्ष सुधारमार्गले २१ औं शताब्दीमा नेपाललाई शान्त र संमृद्ध बनाउने मार्ग देखाउँछ भन्ने निश्कर्षमा पुगेका छौँ। सन्तुलित र समावेशी विकास चाहने अबको कुनै पनि शक्तिले यही मध्यम-मार्गमा हिँड्नेछ भन्ने हाम्रो ठम्याई छ।

२१ औं शताब्दी सापेक्ष राज्य प्रणाली यस्तो हो जसले नागरिक र समाजलाई सन्तुलनमा राखी अगाडि बढाउँछ, दुबैको अस्तित्वको रक्षा गर्छ अनि दुबै बीच निरन्तर सहकार्य गराइराख्छ।

‘सहकार्य, सह-अस्तित्व, सन्तुलन’
नागरिक र समाज बीच राज्यको व्यवस्थापन
२१ औं शताब्दी सापेक्ष मध्यम-मार्ग
‘समयसापेक्ष सुधारमार्ग’

लेखक- गोविन्द नारायण र उज्वल थापा  विवेकशील नेपाली दलका नेतृत्व पंक्तिमा छन्। सुझावका लागि ईमेल: [email protected]

How to distinguish between a leader or ruler in Nepal ?

Here are some differences I have noticed between our Nepali rulers stuck in 19th/20th century status quo and the 21st century relevant leaders that Nepal probably wants.

What we have:

What we seek:

Romanticizes on 19th & 20th century ideologies without evolving. are pragmatic and willing to change views when proved by facts and research
Believe in ‘Win – Lose’ Believe in ‘Win -Win’
Teach followers to ‘follow’ Mentor followers to ‘lead’
Transparency is ‘dreaded’ Transparency is ‘compulsory’
Accountable to only ‘followers’ Accountable to ‘citizens’
Response style: “beat around the bush Response style: Straight to the point .
Over-promises, under-delivers Under-promises, over-delivers
Good speeches Good outcomes
Divide and rule Unite and rule
Focuses on differences Focuses on “common points”
End justifies the means Means justify the ends.
Politics is about convincing (others) Politics is about delivering (results)
Focuses on ‘rights’ only Focuses on ‘rights with responsibility’
talks more and is receptive to problem listens more and is receptive to solution
is reluctant to change in leadership is open to change in leadership
Only Reacts to situation. (Reactive) Responds to situation. (proactive)
No vision for the future Has vision and even plans for the future

तपाईँका १२ अधिकार (हक) जुन जिम्मेवारी बिना अधुरै रहन्छ


Read in English


अधिकार (हक) र जिम्मेवारी – एकै रथका दुई पांग्रा हुन्। कुनै पनि विवेकशील नागरिकले हरेक पल यी दुवैलाई साथ-साथै प्रयोग गरिरहन्छ। यी १२ मन्त्रहरु तपाईँ पनि प्रयोगमा ल्याउनुहोस् – मेरो शुभकामना छ।

  1. १) मन लागेको बोल्न पाउनु मेरो हक हो। के बोल्ने, कुन बेला बोल्ने वा सुन्ने यो जान्नु मेरो जिम्मेवारी हो।
  2. २) चिताएका सबै प्राप्त गर्न खोज्नु मेरो अधिकार हो भने प्राप्त गरेको कुरालाई संरक्षण गर्नु मेरो जिम्मेवारी हो।
  3. ३) एक्लो जीवन अाफु खुशी बाँच्न पाउनु मेरो हक हो भने समाजिक प्राणी पनि बन्नु मेरो जिम्मेवारी हो।
  4. ४) मन लाग्या गर्न पाउनु मेरो हक हो भने त्यसले ल्याउने परिणामको उत्तरदायित्व लिनु मेरो जिम्मेवारी हो।
  5. ५) मेहनतको फल लिन पाउनु मेरो हक हो भने लिएको फलको सदुपयोग गर्नु मेरो जिम्मेवारी हो।
  6. ६) जो कसैलाई पनि माया गर्न पाउनु मेरो हक हो भने अाफुलाई जोगाई राख्ने श्रोत (वातावरण, समाज, परिवार) लाई पनि माया गर्नु मेरो जिम्मेवारी हो।
  7. ७) जुन सुकै नेतृत्व चुन्नु मेरो हक हो भने सहि नेतृत्व चुन्नु वा माथी पुर्याउनु मेरो जिम्मेवारी हो।
  8. ८) अाफ्नो जीवनको सुरक्षा गर्न पाउनु मेरो हक हो भने अरुको जीवन रक्षा गर्नु मेरो जिम्मेवारी हो।
  9. ९) जस्तो पनि धर्म वा सिद्धान्तमा बाँच्न पाउनु मेरो अधिकार हो भने त्यसको प्रयोगले समाजलाई एकजुट बनाई राख्नु मेरो जिम्मेवारी हो।
  10. १०) खुला मनले चयन गर्न पाउनु मेरो हक हो भने अरुको त्यही हकलाई अादर गर्नु पनि मेरो जिम्मेवारी हो।
  11. ११) जिन्दगीमा कसैको मतलबै नगर्नु मेरो अधिकार हो भने मर्नु अघि केहि ठोस् गरेरै जानु मेरो जिम्मेवारी हो।
  12. १२) नागरिक हुन पाउनु मेरो हक हो भने विवेकशील नागरिक बन्नु मेरो जिम्मेवारी हो।
    अाफ्ना हरेक हकसँगै जिम्मेवारी गास्सिँएर अाएको हुन्छ।

के तपाईँ हक सँगै जिम्मेवारी पनि बोक्न तयार हुनुहुन्छ? के तपाईँ यो विवेकशील मध्यम मार्ग लिन तयार हुनु हुन्छ?

Rising India contradicts itself in Nepal.


The India it wants to become contradicts with the India it is showing (with respect to Nepal).

India wants to become one of the world’s most prosperous nations by 2050. That is why it has embarked upon an ambitious, vibrant “Act-East” policy to build its reputation and attract enough partnership and investments to meet this level of prosperity. It is working hard to keep a strong economy by pursuing with its Asian neighbors to the east, a vibrant 3 pillar relationship based on Commerce, Culture and Connectivity.

India has directed its best diplomats and resources towards this. It is helping build Asian super highways to connect India to Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand reaching all the way to Vietnam. It is working with its eastern neighbors to explore oil and other vital resources. It is assertive yet welcoming. It wants the world to realize that the world benefits from “Rising India”. It further wants to show the 21st century as “the Asian Century” through its aggressive “Act East” policy.

It so happens that the first country if you look to the east of Delhi is Nepal. Therefore, it is almost self defeating to India’s ‘Act East’ policy when it practices ‘brinkmanship’ diplomacy with Nepal. ASEAN countries (all of them smaller than India) will be closely watching how India treats its smaller neighbor as they could see themselves in the similar place of Nepal in the foreseeable future when India dominates the world economy. Hence the steps India would take to build a better relationship with Nepal, culturally, commercially and in terms of connectivity is important to India’s own “Act East” partnerships with the “now” powerful ASEAN nations.

Nepal is important to India culturally as most of us share the same religions, similar traditions and even strong family ties in some cases. We are an important spiritual center to over a billion Indians.

Nepal is also important to India commercially. A small example would be the fact that Nepal is the 7th highest remittance provider to India (i.e Indians working in Nepal send 3 billion dollars back to India).

Nepal is important to India connectivity wise because it wants better trade with its northern neighbor China to stay on the path of prosperity. India has to set out and offset any security threats that could thwart this important goal. It needs all the connectivity it can get. Fear is never a good strategy when it comes to building prosperity so in Nepal, India can find a safe bridge to China and to prosperity.

Recently I invested a substantial time understanding India by visiting it as a part of 14 Asian and American leaders’ delegation that met with various influential Indian political, social and business leaders up close.

The India I observed was certainly not the India I came to find when I returned to Nepal. The India I found on my trip was vibrant, rising to build prosperity all around, taking concrete steps to uplift its citizens from abject poverty and building win-win partnerships globally. From spokespersons of ruling BJP to opposition Congress party, the focus was on how to build a prosperous and inclusive India, and how to bring in investments to create opportunities for its millions who are desperate for dignified jobs. Chief Minister of Delhi, Arvind Kejriwal seemed adamant on making a ‘servant government’ role model for first Delhi and then India. Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Devendra Fadnavis detailed us about building 22 smart cities around Mumbai. At the Ministry of External Affairs, ‘the South Block’ in Delhi, the officials were eager to show that their foreign policy focused on enhancing economic ties. India seems to be working to fulfill its ambitions to lead the world. And when asked directly by the 14 visiting Asian and American leaders, they clearly stated, “India doesn’t have a policy of prescribing democracy to other countries.”

Ironically, the step India took last week in context of Nepal, contradicts its own noble ambitions, hopes and desires to lead the world. After observing closely its contradictions, I have come to a conclusion that there are two key reasons behind the regrettable steps taken.

  1. Indian officials / diplomats handling relations with Nepal
  2. Nepal’s current incompetent political leadership

1) I believe Indian officials and diplomats who handle foreign relations specifically with Nepal do not have relevant ground level information on 21st century Nepal because they rely much on their narrow contacts. Many of these are corrupt cronies who have misruled the center in Nepal and in local regions like madhesh for a reasonable time and are now deeply mistrusted by their own citizens.Sadly Nepalis are compelled to vote them to power each time because no winnable alternatives are allowed.

Withholding local elections for 17 years has delayed the creation of a critical mass of new generation leaders. It is unfortunate that Indian diplomacy is based on understanding Nepal from this primary network of outdated politicians in their 60s when more than half of Nepali are under 22. In short, Indian decision makers get outdated, ill-informed and misguided information from their sources, hence improving their chances of unfortunate decision-making that creates a lose-lose situation for both Nepal and India.

2) Nepal’s current leadership has shameful diplomatic know-how. Infact, I question if they even have the skills and confidence to negotiate on a dignified level, one sovereign country to another. Nepal’s current leaders in the center and in madhesh do not have the integrity to share our internal problems and solutions objectively to its immediate neighbor. Hence, the contradictory and petty interests-filled messages that they send confuses India to take skewed decisions that turn out to be counter productive for India’s own global ambitions. India’s ‘unofficial’ blockade on Nepal is an example of this.

Undoubtedly, Nepal has deeply rooted problems with its own syndicate of ‘rulers’. They constantly over-promise and under-deliver. As a result, they divide and ruthlessly suppress their own citizens by ruling with such arrogance that makes many of its citizens feel like they are second or even third class in their own nation.

But there is a hope for Nepal (and for India). A 21st century relevant new generation of leadership is building on all sectors outside the mainstream socio-political-economic elite in Nepal. They are itching to take lead and help create a stable, prosperous Nepal. This world exposed, qualified generation believes in a different culture of leadership that has similar prosperity goals like India. It also strongly believes that to build a prosperous Nepal, we would need to help build a prosperous India and China too. Just like India, this 21st century relevant leadership believes in engaging proactively with our neighbors through commerce, culture and connectivity. India would be in an advantage to keep up with this exciting new reality in Nepal.

To close, If India wants to bring its 300 million + citizens out of abject poverty, it must stay on the right course to bring in the much needed investments, partnerships and trust. This all hinges upon how India handles relations with Nepal.

“The world is watching us”.

A version of this appeared in Myrepublica newspaper on Oct 3, 2015.